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date: 16 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter discusses the nonconformist contribution to satire from the Restoration of the monarchy to the early eighteenth century. The poetry of the Presbyterian Robert Wild, and particularly the work he produced on the imprisonment of Edmund Calamy in 1663, is analysed to show the perhaps surprising role played by bodily humour, scatology, and personal abuse in dissenting work. The continuation of this tradition is then traced through Andrew Marvell’s Advice-to-a-Painter poems, and a specific analysis is offered of the influence of Wild’s poetry on the Duchess of Albemarle’s speech in The Third Advice to a Painter. Finally, the ways in which Daniel Defoe participated in and shaped this tradition in his works on dissent are examined. The chapter ends by suggesting the reasons why the extent of the nonconformist engagement with satire has been forgotten, and more generally why dissent is not often now associated with laughter.

Keywords: nonconformity, dissent, Robert Wild, Edmund Calamy, Andrew Marvell, Daniel Defoe, Presbyterianism, toleration

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