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date: 02 July 2022

Abstract and Keywords

The question of how musical structure may be expressed and communicated in music performance has been studied in past decades both theoretically and empirically. Underlying principles have been extracted, and models of the relationship between expression and musical structure formulated. The first part of this chapter reviews the main approaches to measuring expression in music performance. A list of examples is provided, concerning measuring techniques, software and tools for extracting expressive features from audio performances, and different research approaches. The second part overviews quantitative models for expression and communication of musical structure and their empirical evaluation, including the evaluation music performance rendering. Consideration is given to both general principles of music performance, and individual differences in performance style and their relation to musical structure, emotion, and meaning.

Keywords: musical structure, performance, expression, communication, measurements, models

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