Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 22 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The present chapter reviews recent findings about associations between music training and nonmusical abilities. Individuals with music training differ from untrained individuals in multiple ways, exhibiting better performance on measures of speech perception, other language abilities (reading, spelling), and spatial abilities. Musically trained individuals also tend to perform better on tests of domain-general abilities including working memory and IQ, and children who take music lessons perform particularly well in school. There is some evidence indicating that music training causes some of these effects, but advantages for musically trained individuals are often too large to be environmental in origin. Rather, pre-existing differences in music aptitude, cognitive abilities, and personality also influence the decision to take music lessons and test-taking abilities. More generally, associations between music training and nonmusical abilities are bound to be a consequence of nature and nurture, and of interactions between nature and nurture.

Keywords: music training, IQ, language, speech, spatial abilities, personality

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.