Abstract and Keywords
This chapter offers a review of studies of emotional reactions to music from a psychological perspective. First, the chapter presents important definitions, distinctions, research questions, and methods in the field. Subsequently, empirical findings are reviewed concerning (1) whether music can arouse emotions; (2) which emotions it can arouse; (3) and exactly how music can arouse emotions. A theoretical framework featuring eight psychological mechanisms is outlined and discussed with regard to its implications for the field. The final sections discuss some current themes and important future directions for studies in the field. It is concluded that psychology is uniquely suited to model the process that mediates between music and emotional response, and that applications of music to enhance physical health and well-being would benefit from a better understanding of the processes underlying musical emotions.
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