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date: 13 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Kant’s critique of the limits of the knowable and the status of the self in relation to God ceded a marginal role lying outside scientific knowledge. The Christian doctrine of God as Trinity was both conserved and marginalized. Schleiermacher and Ritschl subjected the doctrine of God to major reinterpretation. Hegel’s account of the doctrine of the Trinity is part of a diachronic ontology and epistemology patterned by, but radically at variance with, the synchronic Kantian critique and an ambiguous achievement. The dialectical fragmentation of Hegel’s thought following his death in 1831 informed the nineteenth century, and flows through the twentieth into the twenty-first century. eResponses to Christian thought on God include Schelling, Marx, Feuerbach, Kierkegaard and Nietzsche, historians of dogma and theologians from Harnack and Troeltsch to Barth and Andresen, an array of twentieth-century thinkers and theologians, besides second- and third-wave feminism and post-colonial critique.

Keywords: God, Trinity, Immanuel Kant, G. W. F. Hegel, critique, diachronic/synchronic, identity, Divine Feminine

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