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date: 13 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The flourishing of Christian minorities was a consequence of the lessening of state control of religion, but the theological themes in these movements reflect the key debates of the century. Denominational tensions produced schisms, and the democratization of Bible use produced sharp differences over how to interpret it. Ancient heresies on Christology, and Trinitarianism, gained new support while views of the afterlife and of eschatology were a basis of sectarian division. New revelations were provided by some leaders, and more intimate community was a key theological and practical aspiration. As mainstream theologies accommodated with scientific medicine, traditional aspirations for healing were clothed with new theological values. Indigenous forms of Christianity shaped their own theological discourse.

Keywords: Bible, eschatology, Mormon, Adventist, healing, restorationist, Irving, Plymouth Brethren, schism

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