Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 18 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

The nineteenth century saw profound doubts about the veracity, trustworthiness, and authority of Scripture take root within ecclesial circles. This chapter considers the variegated shifts in views of the Bible across this period, arguing that differentiated challenges converged to issue a question to Christian churches about the nature of their Bible, though the contours of these challenges and their responses differed by national context. Advances in the hard sciences, and in particular geology and biology, troubled the long-standing attempt to use the natural world as a source of ‘evidences’ for the truth of the Bible. The widespread historicization of European thought gave rise to attempts to understand the Hebrews and early Christians, as well as their writings, in the context of antiquity. Finally, the concrete results of historical criticism increasingly problematized attempts to view the Bible as a unified text whose veracity was secured by trustworthy authorial claims.

Keywords: historical criticism, historicization, authority, Bible, Charles Lyell, Charles Darwin, T. H. Huxley

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.