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date: 22 September 2020

(p. 471) General Index

(p. 471) General Index

(for references to authors and speeches see also the Index of Passages)

adoption 228, 263, 265, 267
Aeschines passim, esp. 337–42
and Eubulus 137, 339–41, 355–7, 377
exile 110, 342, 385
family 180, 338
and the Fourth Sacred War 138, 175, 201, 341, 384
humble background 53–4, 110, 174, 244, 278–80, 338–9, 384
lies or truthfulness 54, 119–20, 183, 227, 316–17, 403
military record 339
and the Peace of Philocrates 36, 118, 136–7, 173–4, 199, 330, 340, 377
personal feud with Dem. 91, 173
and Philip 25, 118, 173, 201, 278, 378, 380
voice 53, 175, 339
agriculture 39, 230, 249–50, 253
Alexander the Great 14, 118, 120, 133, 186, 192, 197, 332–4, 344, 384, 421, 433, 435
as commander 155–6, 162
divine honours 140, 333, 349, 361, 434
events following A.’s death 140, 305, 334, 343, 345–6, 404
exiles decree 140, 333, 361
invading Asia 36, 138–9, 197, 322, 334, 384
requesting the extradition of Dem. and others 140, 304, 344, 349, 358–9, 361, 432, 437
succeeding Philip 36, 133, 138–9
Amphictyony (Delphic) 133, 136, 138, 341, 343, 377–8, 380
Amphipolis 24, 131–4, 136–7, 186, 200, 327, 331, 357, 374, 378–9
anakrisis 40, 77, 79, 91, 93, 96
ancestors, see Athens: past
Androtion 148–9, 182, 234, 238, 242, 278, 355–6, 366, 368–9, 385
Antiphon 37, 47, 269, 426
apagôgê 88–9
Apollodorus, son of Pasion 14, 42, 76, 88, 91, 221–5, 238, 261–4, 268, 278, 285–6, 289–92, 304, 316, 375, 390, 392, 394–7, 422
arbitration 87–8, 93–5, 266–7
Areopagus 76, 95, 170, 285, 341, 343, 347
Aristophon 38, 136, 184, 339, 343, 355–8, 366, 384
Athens passim
autonomy 8, 16, 22, 39, 110, 137, 194–5, 201, 240, 299, 318, 322, 334, 378, 456–61
composition of 102, 292
cultural memory 64
hegemony 64, 129, 131, 143, 194, 214, 223–5, 324, 326–8, 331, 334, 382, 399, 446
identity and ideology 64, 110, 122, 193–9, 201–3, 277–8, 348, 402 (see also laws: ideology of the legal system)
imagery 193–9, 204, 222
boulê (Council) 115, 144–5, 162, 226, 247, 252, 257, 286, 317, 356, 365, 368, 404
as court 95, 148, 170, 323
Callimachus 298, 403, 420, 428, 437–8, 441–2, 449, 464
Callistratus 159, 301–2, 354–7, 436
Chaeronea, Battle of 10, 16, 36, 47, 110, 138–9, 156, 161, 185, 192, 196–7, 201–3, 237, 300, 302, 305, 313, 322, 329–30, 332, 338, 341–4, 346–7, 349, 360, 381, 383, 385, 401–2, 434, 445, 461
chôra (countryside) 162, 193–9, 201, 248–57, 286–92
Cicero 283, 289, 309, 407–9, 411, 413–14, 431–2, 440–3, 453–8
imitator of Dem. 440–1
citizenship 40, 221–30, 247–8, 251–5, 444
legal and social privileges 212
naturalization 224, 226–7, 371
Pericles’ law 225, 252, 310
corruption 55, 90, 103, 109, 116–17, 167–76, 257, 276, 377–8, 380
countryside, see chôra (countryside)
courts of law 46–7, 49, 74–7, 95–8, 159, 211–13, 256, 273–4, 389, 423–4, 460.
as arena of public debate 55, 62, 68–9, 277
avoidance 267 (see also arbitration)
and non-full-citizens 147, 218, 226, 228, 230
political use 101–2, 110, 139, 159, 197
as safeguard of democracy 107, 240
demes 213–14, 223, 247–57, 261, 264–6, 291–2, 397
demarch 222, 247–8, 251–4, 257
deme assembly 222, 251–3
deme register 226, 247, 252, 254, 257, 313–14, 339, 396
Demochares (nephew of Dem.) 110, 187, 298, 312, 421, 428, 436–7, 464
democracy 22, 106–10, 116–17, 120, 161–3, 195, 227, 240, 348–9, 365–6, 403, 436, 456, 458–60, see also Demosthenes: champion of democracy
ideology 64, 66–8, 102–3, 106, 168, 211, 214, 234–6, 326, 372
principles disregarded 256–7
and public opinion 61
and rhetoric 45–7, 54–5
dêmos (the people).
attitudes and views 62–5, 67–9, 434
demanding consent/flattery 67, 69, 102, 236
and elite 55, 64, 68
inertia, deception, and delusion 27, 107, 234–5, 366, 403–4
Demosthenes (the orator) passim
ancient scholarship 14, 420, 434–5 (see also Didymus; Dionysius; Libanius)
as benefactor 110, 118, 148, 152, 248
biographies
biographical fallacy 297
biographical tradition 297–306, 424, 468
sources 298–9, 312
at Chaeronea 302
champion of democracy 9, 16, 106–7, 117, 120, 140, 184, 372, 424, 458
character, morality 175–6, 299–300, 318, 444
credibility 332, 376–7, 381
death 140, 334, 385, 436
and demagoguery 8, 55, 433, 444, 459
as the dêmos’ counsellor (symboulos) and critic 20, 22–3, 26, 28–9, 66–7, 117–18, 182, 236, 381
education 110, 298, 440
effeminacy 175–6
exile and return 117, 140, 334, 345, 350, 385, 401, 404, 422, 431
family and kin 110, 175, 262, 264, 266, 302, 310–11
fighting for liberty 8, 15, 28, 39, 123, 137, 199, 299, 321–2, 460–1
inheritance trials (epitropikoi logoi) 9, 54, 313–15, 389–92, 464 (see also Demosthenes (the orator): guardians)
judgements, ancient political 316, 434, 436, 438–9, 443–4
judgements, modern political 8–10, 15–16, 321, 323, 327, 455–6, 458–61
as patriot 8, 445
political activity after Chaeronea 139–40, 333
political (in)consistency 10, 323, 326, 334, 373, 382
proxenos of Thebes 119–20
public offices and liturgies 104, 110, 136, 148, 151, 312, 323, 329, 365, 377
self-presentation 20–1, 25–7, 103, 106–10, 118, 174, 179, 182–4, 236
semantics, political 21, 24, 195–6, 202
speeches
arrangement 374, 389–91, 447, 464
chronology 38, 134, 326–7, 368–74, 377–8, 381, 425
composition 35, 38, 121, 369, 376, 404, 422–6, 449, 463–4
editions, ancient 38, 425, 428, 464, 466–7
editions, modern 7, 9–10, 467
in historians 433
lost speeches 37, 333, 340, 420, 437
perspective and bias 40–1, 103, 105, 148, 367, 372–3
popularity 427, 463
publication 266, 268–9, 422, 426–8, 432–3, 436, 449, 464
readers (contemporary) 268–9, 427
revision 13, 38, 53, 134, 422–6, 463
Third Philippic, different versions 13, 426, 432, 466
translations 7, 11–14, 39, 440, 454–7, 459–60
speechwriter 47, 303–4, 316–17, 389, 422
style 10–11, 316, 380–1, 402, 407–16, 420–2, 448
of argumentation 411–16
Atticism 440, 442
clarity 410–11
ekphrasis 20, 24–8, 284–8
emotion 413–14
metaphors 28, 195, 199, 277, 410
paradoxes 409–11
polemic 20, 24, 28–9, 199, 383–4, 426
registers 20, 22, 408–9
rhythm 10, 411, 421
sarcasm 20, 108, 140, 354, 444
satire 20–4, 29
vividness 27–8, 286–7
as synêgoros 350, 367
and Thucydides 19–20, 22, 24, 29, 121, 183–4
(un)warlike 122, 135, 161, 461
used in modern era as political paradigm 8, 39, 455–60
youth 299, 311–13
Demosthenes (father of Dem.) 262, 300, 302, 311, 316
estate 229, 311, 313–14
diapsêphisis 221–3, 226, 251, 396
Didymus 299, 420, 442–3, 468
dikê 88, 90–1
d. aikeias 74–5, 88–9, 264
d. blabês 92, 249, 267, 287, 393
d. emporikê 147, 210–14, 217, 390
Dinarchus 47, 119, 202, 204, 304, 309, 337, 361, 420, 426, 438, 444, 449
knowledge of the Third Philippic 428, 431–2
Dionysius of Halicarnassus 221, 268, 271, 298–9, 302, 304, 306, 381, 408–9, 420, 422, 425, 438, 442–3, 449
Diophantus 134, 355–6
(p. 474) diplomacy 115–23, 155, 186, 217, 330, 332, 380
arguments in 121–3
documents (in speeches) 14, 38–9, 77–9, 96, 468
economy 39, 210
education, rhetorical 46, 52–4
to be hidden 53, 66
eisangelia (impeachment, treason) 36–7, 46, 90, 107–8, 159, 167, 169–70, 172–3, 267, 343–4, 347, 349, 380
eisphora 79, 105, 146, 148–51, 235, 314, 323, 366, 368
ekklêsia (Assembly) 20, 39, 46, 48–9, 55, 62, 66–7, 108, 115–17, 121, 144–5, 149, 181, 226, 272, 279, 290, 324, 365–6, 403–4, 425
as court 170
vs courts 69, 366
decision-making power 115, 145–6, 157–60, 251, 331, 341, 345, 365, 375
expectations by 46
speakers’ conduct in 366, 404
views 62
Elatea 117, 119, 138, 191, 286
embassies, to Philip 36, 53, 118, 136, 174–6, 180, 243, 339, 377–8, 380, 424; see also diplomacy
endeixis 397
epidosis 105, 146–8, 150, 152, 248
epitaphioi logoi (funeral speeches) 47–8, 181, 186, 194, 203, 237, 401–2
Euboea 23, 26, 105, 121, 132, 135, 137–8, 192, 201, 300, 317, 339, 343, 354, 375, 377, 379, 382
euthyna(i) 159, 167, 169–70, 173, 175, 384
factions, political (‘parties’) 47, 66, 101, 108–9, 137, 222, 330, 337–8, 350, 353–8, 360–1, 365, 434, 436
family
affines 261, 263–7
kindred 262–3, 266
nuclear 256
widows 263–5, 312
festivals 46, 51, 274–5, 279
gender 261, 265–6
grain 214–16, 218, 370
graphê 90–1
g. dôrôn 171
g. hybreôs 74, 88–9, 104, 236, 239, 376
g. nomon mê epitêdeion theinai 68, 80, 82, 366, 369
g. paranomôn 37, 46, 68–9, 80, 159, 227, 234, 267, 341–5, 356, 359, 366, 368, 370
Harpalus affair 37, 117, 140, 170, 197, 300, 302, 304–5, 329, 333–4, 337, 342–6, 359, 361, 385, 401, 404, 431, 434–5, 437, 439
Hegesippus 136–7, 340, 357–60, 378, 384
as author of Dem. 7, 17: 38, 186, 357, 379, 421, 432, 441
homicide 229
law on 224, 371
Hyperides 47, 140, 337, 341–6, 380
as author of Dem. 17: 38, 139, 421, 437
position after Chaeronea 343–5
turned foe 334, 343, 345–6
idiôtês 52, 55
inheritance 40, 221, 228, 261–3, 267–8
epiklêros 43, 255, 262–3, 265
will 263, 266, 394
(p. 475) Isaeus 37, 47, 269, 290–1, 394
and Dem. 301–2, 316, 403, 421
Isocrates 36, 46–7, 50–1, 134, 136, 138, 164, 181, 269, 304, 324, 343, 346, 354, 356, 382, 403, 408, 414–15, 427–8, 432, 434
pupils 46, 50, 356–7, 436
judges
competence 78
composition of jury 95, 292
duped 53, 274
formation of judgement 47, 62, 69, 74–7, 97, 105, 241, 288–9, 376, 381
powers 81
pride 234, 238 see also justice; oaths: heliastic
justice
dikaiotatê gnômê 69, 74
ideas of 73–7, 123, 240–2
kinship 261–9; see also family
Lamian War 47, 140, 162, 345–6, 361, 404–5
laws 73–82, 240–1.
on bribery 171
coherence 82
on family 262–3
forgery 79
ideology of the legal system 74, 81
interpretability 77, 79–80, 104
legal strategies 73
legislation 81–3, 145, 276, 366
read out in court 77–9
role in litigation 69, 211, 240, 381 see also homicide: law on
leases 40, 144, 147, 254, 262, 267, 347
liturgies 43, 55, 65, 82, 105–6, 109, 143, 145–6, 148–9, 216, 223, 235–6, 239, 243, 275, 280, 304, 312, 314, 317, 328, 338–9, 343, 360, 366–7, 376, 393
antidosis 43, 106, 148, 312, 314, 393
chorêgia 248, 274, 276, 280
loan 42, 144, 392–3, 395
maritime 211–18, 392, 396
private 262, 311
logographoi (speechwriters) 47, 53, 96, 389; see also Demosthenes (the orator): speechwriter
‘Lycurgan’ era 143, 146–7, 151–2, 185, 197, 347–8, 360–1
Lycurgus 38, 42, 139–40, 185, 196–7, 199, 204, 337, 346–50, 360–1, 436
official position 147, 346–7, 349
relationship with Dem. 140, 350, 405
stance towards Macedon 349, 360–1
trials for political ends 185, 197, 347–8
manliness 175–6, 236
manuscripts.
ancient 426–7, 448, 463, 468
recentiores 467
stichometry 466
vetustissimi 12, 303–5, 391, 432, 446–8, 464–8 see also documents (in speeches)
maritime courts, see dikê: d. emporikê
marriage 40, 225, 393
age at 263–5
local endogamy 256
mercenaries 135, 140, 157–8, 161, 223–4, 344, 373–4, 379
metics 213, 227–30
migration 131, 134, 138, 147, 221, 252, 310, 317
within Attica 248–9
military 20, 46, 107–8, 140, 146, 150–2, 155–63, 197, 200–1, 224, 235, 242, 275, 323, 325–8, 330–1, 370, 373–5, 381, 385, 396
developments 156–7
fleet 105, 139, 145, 147, 155, 157–8, 162–3, 197, 215, 323–4, 328, 331, 343, 354, 368, 370, 395
reluctance to equip 163
hoplites 139, 150, 156–8, 160–2, 313, 328, 339
(p. 476) neighbourhood 109, 248–51, 255–6, 261, 266, 284, 286–7, 291
ritual punishment in 256–7
oaths 35–6, 40, 123, 175, 179, 251–2, 266, 273–4
ephebic 161, 196–7, 200–1
exômosia 96–7
heliastic 74, 76, 240, 275–6, 369, 384
oracles 38, 272, 275–6
orality 45, 51, 424, 426
oratory, professional 54
panHellenism 7, 122–3, 195, 197, 203, 330
paradeigmata, historical 64–5, 180–1, 187, 411–13
paragraphê 90, 92, 172, 209, 390–3, 396
performance 52, 179; see also orality
Persia 122–3, 129–31, 137–9, 151, 157, 356, 383, 439, 443
Alexander’s conquest 36, 139, 197, 384
panHellenic enemy 36, 122, 136, 138
potential conflict 122, 134, 242, 323–4, 370, 372
war of 490–79: 129, 181, 183, 194, 197–201, 203, 225, 313, 378
Philip II of Macedon 14, 34–9, 63, 104, 109, 116–18, 122–3, 132–9, 147, 155–6, 160–1, 163, 176, 185–6, 191–3, 197–201, 203, 215–16, 236, 242, 272, 286, 299, 301–5, 309, 321–2, 339–44, 346, 354, 358–60, 376–9, 383–4, 401–2, 408–16, 424, 426, 428, 432–3, 439, 456–61
‘barbarian’ 20, 123, 330, 332, 377, 382
bribing Athenians 24–6, 28–9, 116, 168, 173–6, 180, 235, 278, 341, 378–82, 384
character and values 330
death 36, 119, 138, 305, 332–3, 342
Demosthenes’ position towards 7–8, 11, 20–9, 109, 135, 137–8, 150–1, 181, 239, 321, 326–32, 334, 340, 366, 373–5, 377–8, 380–5
helped by Athenians’ mistakes 22–3, 135, 373
positive modern judgements 10, 15, 455
tyrant 8, 22, 160, 199, 235, 374, 378, 384–5, 458
philosophy 45, 51–2
Phormion 212–13, 227, 238, 304, 316, 392, 394–5, 422
phratries 248, 251–3, 255, 261–2, 278
Piraeus 42, 121, 143–4, 147, 158, 213–14, 216, 249, 252, 285, 292, 313, 343, 347, 396
Plato 45, 51–2, 62, 164, 214, 298, 302, 343, 346, 403, 408, 440, 446, 455
private and public, blurring of 118, 175, 242, 269, 396
proverbs 250
religion 40, 42, 271–81
articulating civic life 277
rhêtores/politicians 46–7, 54–5, 101–3, 353, 365
and the dêmos 65–9, 73, 326
dokimasia rhêtorôn 55
prejudices against 65, 235
private lifestyle 63
and rivals 66, 68, 101–4, 238, 242
strategies 66–7, 73, 96, 291–2
rhetoric.
description 284–9
and other literary genres 48–52
narrative 19, 21, 23, 29, 96, 117, 194, 222–3, 269, 286–7, 289–91, 314, 381, 391, 407, 409
strategies, rhetorical 75–6 see also education, rhetorical
Sacred War
Third 27, 118, 120, 122, 133, 136, 173, 192, 200, 325, 330, 359, 371, 377
Fourth 138, 341, 380, 383–4
Samos 131, 140, 317, 333, 342, 361, 371–2
scholia 420, 447, 468–9
(p. 477) Second Athenian League 11, 130–2, 134, 136, 138, 145–7, 155, 325, 399
slaves/slavery 143, 163, 195, 211, 222, 224–30, 238, 247–9, 251–5, 257, 262, 278, 280, 286, 288, 311, 313, 315, 396–7, 412, 444
interrogation of 43, 96, 224, 230, 264, 391
Social War 132–5, 147–50, 155, 163, 170, 317, 323, 325, 356–7, 366, 373
Solon 49, 64, 80–1, 83, 92, 181, 183, 200, 256, 276, 368–9
stereotypes 49, 55, 68, 209, 211, 219, 223, 234, 239–40, 243, 322, 374
stratiôtikon (stratiotic/military fund) 134, 144, 147, 150–1, 328, 361, 375
sykophantês 53, 69, 91, 172, 175, 236, 240, 397
symmories 108, 146–7, 149, 162–3, 323–4, 370
synêgoros (supporting speaker) 47, 95–6, 169, 228, 303, 340, 344, 369; see also Demosthenes (the orator): as synêgoros
Thebes 119–20, 129–33, 136–8, 156–7, 174, 186, 202, 304, 317, 322, 324–5, 358, 365, 367, 371–2, 377, 382, 398
alliance with 117, 120, 138, 192, 201, 332, 356–7, 372, 383–5, 401
revolt and destruction 36, 120, 138–9, 332, 334, 343–6, 349, 358, 361, 437
theôrikon (theoric fund) 24, 28, 65, 109, 134–5, 144, 147, 150–1, 275, 329–30, 354–5, 365, 375, 383
Thermopylae 134–6, 138, 175, 192, 199, 355
Thrace 156, 229, 279
Athens’ relations with 132, 134, 252, 331
Dem. and 135, 175, 316, 370
Philip in 133–4, 138, 173, 175, 193, 326–7, 331
trade, overseas 212–19, 229, 247, 379, 392
transmission 14, 463–70; see also manuscripts
values 202, 211, 233–44
social 64, 68, 273