- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
- Copyright Page
- List of Figures and Tables
- The Contributors
- Ellipsis In Natural Language: Theoretical and empirical perspectives
- Ellipsis: A survey of analytical approaches
- Ellipsis in Transformational Grammar
- Ellipsis in Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar
- Ellipsis in Categorial Grammar
- Ellipsis in Dependency Grammar
- ellipsis in simpler syntax
- Ellipsis in Construction Grammar
- Ellipsis in Dynamic Syntax
- ellipsis in inquisitive semantics
- Ellipsis and Psycholinguistics
- Ellipsis and Acquisition
- Ellipsis and Discourse
- Ellipsis and Computational Linguistics
- Ellipsis and Prosody
- Movement and Islands
- Aphasia and Acquisition
- Parsing Strategies
- Sluicing and Its Subtypes
- Predicate Ellipsis
- Nominal Ellipsis
- Gapping and Stripping
- Comparative Deletion
- Null Complement Anaphora
- Conjunction Reduction and Right-Node Raising
- Finnish Sign Language
- Kiswahili and Shingazidja
- Varieties of English
- Oxford Handbooks in Linguistics
Abstract and Keywords
The chapter provides an overview of the types of analyses of elliptical phenomena that have been proposed in the literature on Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG). First, it explains the central insights behind the analyses, which have concentrated on three classes of phenomena: (i) non-sentential utterances, (ii) argument or predicate ellipsis, and (iii) constructions involving unpronounced syntactic structure. HPSG is crucially non-modular. Constraints involving various levels can be easily stated, which benefits the framework for the analysis of ellipsis, because it allows one to express simultaneous semantic and syntactic constraints on ellipsis (explaining for instance the connectivity effects among non-sentential utterances) and provides means to integrate non-semantic information-information about the realization of utterances-into context. A more detailed discussion of the theory then follows. The chapter provides a more technically precise account of the syntax of argument ellipsis, an area which has received a considerable amount of analysis in HPSG, for which there is a broad consensus. Subsequently, more recent developments are introduced and a detailed analysis of non-sentential utterances is provided. In particular, we introduce an alternative version of HPSG, which allows the grammar to directly interface with dialogue context as conceived in the framework of KoS.
Jonathan Ginzburg is Professor of Linguistics at Université Paris-Diderot (Paris 7). He has held appointments at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and King’s College, London. He is one of the founders and editor-in-chief (emeritus) of the journal Dialogue and Discourse. His research interests include semantics, dialogue, language acquisition, and musical meaning. He is the author of Interrogative Investigations (CSLI Publications, 2001, with Ivan A. Sag) and The Interactive Stance: Meaning for Conversation (Oxford University Press, 2012).
Philip Miller teaches English and General Linguistics at the Université Paris Diderot (Paris 7). He was recently Visiting Professor at the Universidade de São Paulo. He is the author of two monographs, Clitics and constituents in phrase structure grammar (Garland Publications, 1992) and Strong generative capacity (CSLI Publications, 1999). He has worked on clitics and on perception verbs. His current work is centered on ellipsis and anaphora, with specific interest in verbal ellipsis and verbal anaphora.
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