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date: 18 June 2021

Abstract and Keywords

There are elliptical constructions in Persian whose properties diverge from their better-studied counterparts in other languages. A type of verb phrase ellipsis removes the non-verbal element and internal arguments of a complex predicate; it can also strand a simple verb that has undergone head movement to a low verbal functional projection. The language does not have obligatory wh-movement, so sluicing is derived instead through a movement operation that is driven from information structure. Gapping, stripping, and fragment answers may arise from the same movement operation, as gapping and stripping allow for their antecedent to be embedded, and stripping and fragment answers are insensitive to island constraints. Persian also has right-node raising and noun phrase ellipsis, though their properties are relatively less understood.

Keywords: ellipsis, gapping, stripping, verb phrase ellipsis, sluicing, focus movement, island constraints

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