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date: 12 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

In this chapter, the different positions regarding NCA in the literature are discussed and the analysis proposed in Hankamer and Sag (1976) is favored. NCA is taken to be a type of deep anaphor as opposed to a surface anaphor, in Hankamer and Sag’s proposed typology. It behaves like a deep anaphor in that it can take pragmatic antecedents, missing antecedents, and does not seem to require strict syntactic parallelism with its antecedent. In addition, NCA does not allow overt or covert extraction out of it, which provides evidence in favor of the view that NCA is to be represented as an element with no internal syntactic structure. It is also shown that the types of predicates that select NCA seem to be lexically determined, since no reliable pattern has yet been found to be able to predict which predicates select it.

Keywords: Null Complement Anaphora (NCA), deep anaphor, surface anaphor, typology of anaphora, extraction, phonetically null element

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