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date: 16 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Psycholinguistic studies bear on the grammar of ellipsis in many ways. They can shore up the empirical base of linguistics, through careful testing of multiple participants and items, and they permit testing of subtle judgments involving interactions. Processing evidence affords new types of arguments, e.g. based on syntactic indices being copied into an elided constituent despite semantic anomaly, and it highlights the fact that linguistic intuitions—judgments of acceptability—are not judgments of grammaticality, raising the possibility that the acceptability of certain ellipsis sentences may be best explained by (repair) operations of the parser, not by the grammar. Experimental results are brought to bear on the issues of the existence of syntactic structure in the ellipsis site, on the nature of the recoverability condition, and on licensing.

Keywords: ellipsis structure, syntactic matching, acceptable ungrammaticality, replacives, stripping, comparatives, gapping, verb phrase ellipsis, sluicing, fragment answers

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