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date: 17 September 2019

(p. 639) Index

(p. 639) Index

1880s
starting point, as1
writers born in3
1890s, critiques3
1920s
critiques3
fin de siècle3
modernism1
poetry7
Abbott, Edwin A.
Flatland: A Romance of Many Dimensions279–80
acting, see theatre
Adam, Villiers de l’Isle
L’Eve future569–70
Adams, Henry249–50
adaptation, theme of5
Adler, Margot352, 353
Adorno, Theodor3–4, 126–7
adventure stories
detective stories236–41
empire and236–8
invasion scare stories241–3
modernization234–6
psychic detectives274–7
science and technology, and241
‘super-niches’10, 232–4
theme9–10
women writers243–4
aesthetic autonomy, models of4
Aestheticism
‘aesthetic’ regime513
beauty and482–3
Celticism and6
cosmopolitanism and481–96
critiques3
dandyism and420–2
death and60–1
Decadence and4
literary culture and15
medievalism and24
politics and15
puppetry and632–3
reading and481–2, 481–96
social reform and7
synaesthesia15, 484–5
theme4
Aldington, Richard
‘Our Hands’384
Alexander, Michael35
Allen, Donald
New American Poetry, 1945–1960, The122
Allen, Grant157
‘Plain Words on the Woman Question’161
Woman Who Did, The161–2
amnesia, see memory
anachronism, obsolete technology as18
anarchism
literature, in442–6
socialism and168, 433
theme14
utopianism and171
Anderson, Benedict11
androgynism, see gender
anthropology, see social anthropology
anti-Semitism
eugenics and328–9
medievalism and31–2
Apollinaire, Guillaume89
archaeological fantastic63
Archer, William133, 140, 162–3
Old Drama and the New, The133, 162–3
(p. 640) architecture
medievalism and28–9
utopianism and and169–70
Arendt, Hannah79–80
Origins of Totalitarianism, The79
Arnold, Matthew7, 71–4, 77–8, 91
Study of Celtic Literature, On the71, 73
‘Up To Easter’525–6
art and literature
cinema, see cinema
illustration, see illustration
neopaganism359–61
photography, see photography
portraiture, see portraiture
‘regimes’ of Western art513
Art Nouveau
Arts and Crafts movement and28
illustration556
Arts and Crafts movement
Art Nouveau and28
medievalism and23, 28, 29, 30
Ashbee, C. R.30
astronomy, scientific romance and221–4
Austen, Jane40, 43
Austin, Alfred294
authorship, see literary culture
autobiography, see biography
avant-garde
about85–6
artistic autonomy98–101
conventional discourse, and92
fin de siècle2
First World War2
‘modern spirit’86–92
modernism and119
modernity and2
New Drama and133
New Woman and156
poetry6–7
‘poetry’/‘prose’ distinction92–8
post-impressionism and88–9
romanticism and100–1
Bagnold, Enid
Diary without Dates, A391–2
Baker, Elizabeth15
Balibar, Etienne81
Barrie, J. M.
Peter Pan13, 400, 401–4
Barthes, Roland105, 396
Camera Lucida587–8
Baty, Thomas179
Baudelaire, Charles57, 58–60, 61, 63, 66
Le peintre de la vie moderne483
Les fleurs du mal58–9, 64, 120
Bauhaus28
Beardsley, Aubrey556–7
beauty, Aestheticism and482–3
Beerbohm, Max15, 497–9
Christmas Garland498
Bell, Florence138, 139–40
Bellamy, Edward169–70, 171, 172–3, 174
Looking Backward: 2000–1887169–70, 173, 463
Benjamin, Walter273
Bennett, Arnold195
Anna of the Five Towns299
Benson, A. E.12
Benson, E. F.356–9
‘Man Who Went Too Far, The’357–9
Benstock, Shari127–8
Bentley, E. C.240
Bergson, Henri86, 87, 90–1, 92, 94, 97, 176–7
Introduction to Metaphysics, An94–5, 96
Time and Free Will94–5
Berlin, Isaiah100–1
‘Two Concepts of Freedom’100
Bernheimer, Charles57
biography
‘autobiografiction’16, 520–4
‘autobiographical’, meaning of513
autobiography513–15
‘imaginary portrait’514–20
‘meta-autobiographic’523–4
portraiture and15–16, 511–13
biology
death drive6, 56–7, 59, 62, 63
race and5, 321–33
biomechanics637–8
Black, Alexander571–2
Blackwood, Algernon10
John Silence: Physician Extraordinary276–7
Blatchford, Robert29, 168
Merrie England168
Boas, Franz12
body
bodies and the machine5
cinema, embodied motion569–70
hands, see touch
performing body, see theatre
sex, see sexuality
theme11–12
book illustration, see illustration
Book of the Rhymers’ Club78
Bourget, Paul57
(p. 641) Bowler, Peter J.10
Bradbury, Malcolm121
Bradley, Katherine, see ‘Michael Field’
Brathwaite, Kamau130, 131
Brontë, Emily40, 42
Brooke, Rupert109
‘Soldier, The’302
Brooks, Simon70
Brown, George Douglas
House with the Green Shutters, The301
Browning, Robert
‘Fra Lippo Lippi’516
Bryher (Annie Winifred Ellerman)425–6
Buchan, John242–3
Thirty-Nine Steps, The301–2
Bunyan, John34
Burke, Thomas
Limehouse Nights289–90
Burnett, Frances Hodgson
Little Lord Fauntleroy400, 407–12
Butler, Christopher90
Caird, Mona8, 11–12, 153–4, 158, 161
Daughters of Danaus, The157, 159
Great Wave, The157
Stones of Sacrifice, The157
camera, see cinema; photography
Campbell, Joseph96
Campbell, Norman Robert255–6
Candler, Edmund620–3, 624
capitalism, work and470
Carey, John91, 99–100
caricature, see parody
Carpenter, Edward12, 27, 171, 354–6, 362
Civilisation, Its Cause and Cure355
Intermediate Sex, The179–80
Pagan and Christian Creeds356
Towards Democracy171, 179
Catholicism, see Christianity
‘Celtic Element in Literature, The’ (Yeats)72
Celticism
about69–71
Aestheticism and6
conceptions71–4, 81–2
cosmopolitanism74–9
Englishness and71–4, 77–9, 81
language and79–81
nationalism and79–81
Orientalism and6, 70
race and79–81
regionalism and300
theme4, 6
century endings2
Chapman, Elizabeth
Marriage Questions in Modern Fiction, and Other Essays on Kindred Subjects150–1
Chaucer, Geoffrey
‘Franklin’s Tale, The’27
Chesterton, G. K.15
‘To a Modern Poet’505–6
childhood
‘cult of the child’13, 398–412
developmental psychology372–7
sexuality and13
Christianity
death and62
medievalism and23, 27, 30
neopaganism and356
Christie, Agatha243–4
Churchill, Winston139
cinema
beginnings567
embodied motion569–70
history and570–1
illustration and562–3
initial cultural responses to567–8
‘picture plays’571–2
pre-cinematic technologies567, 568–9
short fiction572
short fiction and17
theme5, 16–17
time, perceptions of569
writers and572–81
city
dematerialization of space280
fourth dimension278–80, 282, 285–6
hyperspace philosophy280
hypostatization279
linguistic ambiguity283–90
Marxism128
metropolitan fictions278–90
modernism128–9
naturalism and282
New Criticism128
non-linear temporality280
photography591–5
prison/portal dialectic280–2
regionalism and297–9
short fiction206–11
suburbs, see suburbs
supernatural and282–3
theme10–11
‘uneven development’ theory128–30
urban degeneration326–7
clairvoyance, see psychical research
classical civilisations, death of62–3
Clifton, Chas352, 353
(p. 642) clothing
cross-dressing, see cross-dressing
dandyism, see dandyism
transvestism13, 418–19
Cobden-Sanderson, T. J.555
Coburn, Alvin Langdon17, 591–4
Coetzee, J. M.39–40, 42, 47
colonialism, see empire; India
Comentale, Edward P.98
communication technologies
about597–9
communication theories17
communications605–8
electricity599–601
telephony602–5
theme5, 17
Conan Doyle, Arthur237–8, 503–4
connectedness, cosmopolitanism and491–6
Conrad, Joseph14, 15, 50–3, 251–2, 572, 572–4, 576–80
Almayer’s Folly50–1
‘Author and Cinematograph’578
Gaspar Ruiz576–7
Inheritors, The251–2, 280, 285–7
Nigger of the ‘Narcissus’, The52, 484, 574, 576
Nostromo453–5
Outcast of the Islands, An50–3
Secret Agent, The197–8, 287–9, 330, 445–6, 580
consciousness, theme5
Contemporary Review536–8
Cooley, Charles Horton17, 605
Cooper, Edith, see ‘Michael Field’
copying (mimicry), see psychology
Corbett, Elizabeth Burgoyne
New Amazonia: A Foretaste of the Future173
Cornhill Magazine254–6
cosmopolitanism
Aestheticism and481–96
artistic autonomy490–1
Celticism74–9
connectedness491–6
Decadence and484–5, 487
Greek meaning489
literary culture and15
Marxism and495
politics and491–6
varieties of489–91
countryside, see regionalism
Craig, Edward Gordon626–38
‘Actor and the Übermarionette, The’18, 626
Crane, Walter540
criminality, work and470–1
‘crisis of belief ’, First World War and127
cross-dressing
cross-gender desire and419–20, 425
homosexuality and419–20
lesbianism and416, 426
New Woman420, 422–4
sexual inversion and416
theme13
use of term414
cross-gender desire, see gender
crowd psychology258–61
Crowley, Aleister12
‘Hymn to Pan’350, 351
‘cult of the puppet’, see puppetry
da Vinci, Leonardo60–1
Dam, J. W.
Shop Girl, The468
dandyism
Aestheticism and420–2
fin de siècle2
gender transgression420–2
homosexuality and426–7
New Woman and415, 420
theme13
use of term414
Daniel, Arnaut31
Darwin, Charles56, 366, 367
Daston, Lorraine
Objectivity223–5
Davidson, John11, 61
‘Northern Suburb’11
Davison, Sarah106
Deane, Seamus76, 78–9
death
Aestheticism and60–1
Christianity and62
classical civilisations, of62–3
death drive55–7, 59, 60, 62, 63, 67
Decadence and6, 55–67
ekphrasis61
First World War6
homosexuality and65–6
lesbianism and6, 64, 66–7
reproduction and63
sex and64–7
Symbolism and64, 65
Decadence
Aestheticism and4
cosmopolitanism and484–5, 487
death and6, 55–67
‘dynamics of transition’2
homosexuality and6
(p. 643) literary culture and15
‘long Decadence’2
medievalism and24
modernism2
modernity and2
new forms of poetry109
psychoanalysis and6, 57–8
reading and481–2
responses to487–9
romanticism and2
theme4
Degeneration, theme4
Derrida, Jacques169
destructive novelty, modernism and32–6
detective stories236–41
psychic detectives274–7
determinism and eugenics323–6
Deutsche Werkbund28
‘diamond novel’308–11
Dickens, Charles25
Great Expectations25
Hard Times263–4
diet, utopianism and180–3
digitization projects, journals533–5
Disraeli, Benjamin21
dolls, see theatre
Doolittle, Hilda (H. D.)85, 88, 90, 91, 97–8
‘Epigram’97
‘Hermes of the Ways’97
‘Orchard’97
‘Oread’98
Sea Garden97
‘Sea Rose’97–8
Douglas, Major C. H.31, 36
Dowie, M. M.
Gallia325
Dowson, Ernest61, 109
‘Dregs’109
Doyle, Laura130
Dreiser, Theodore
Sister Carrie602–3
dress, see clothing
Du Maurier, George
Peter Ibbetson568–9
Trilby487–8
Duncan, Isadora172, 629–30
Duse, Eleonora139
‘Earl Lind’
Autobiography of an Androgyne424
Eastwood, Mrs M.
‘New Woman in Fiction and in Fact, The’150
ecology, see neopaganism
economics
about448–50
empire and economic exploitation308–15
financial speculation451–5
laissez-faire, end of14, 448–9
theme14
Welfare State455–62
Edwards, Ruth Dudley75, 79–80
Egerton, George151–2, 157–8, 161, 166, 212–15
‘Cross Line, A’158
‘Little Grey Glove, A’213
Rosa Amorosa: The Love Letters of a Woman158
Einstein, Albert259–60
ekphrasis
death and61
use of15
electrical technologies, see communication technologies
Eliot, George
Silas Marner411
Eliot, T. S.15, 35, 48, 56, 60, 104, 108–9, 119, 125, 130, 254, 333, 506–7
‘Hysteria’117–18
‘Metaphysical Poets, The’173
‘Poetry and Drama’105
‘Preface to Modern Literature, A’3
‘Sweeney Among the Nightingales’109
Waste Land, The34, 56, 120, 297
elitism2
Ellerman, Annie Winifred, see Bryher
Ellis, Havelock416, 418–19
Sexual Inversion418
empathy, theme13
empire
about38–9
adventure stories and236–8
analytic frameworks308
colonial authors53
‘diamond novel’308–11
difficult subjects39–42
economic exploitation308–15
globalization and11, 305–8, 316
mixed-genre works45–7
mythology and38–9, 47–53
narrative theory38
novelisation forms42–4
Orientalism and315–16
realism and43–7, 49
romance and40, 43, 45–7, 49
Romanticism and40
theme4, 10, 11
wealth of316
(p. 644) Engels, Friedrich15, 436
Condition of the English Working Class, The26
Origin of the Family, Private Property, and the State, The26
England/Englishness
Celticism and71–4, 77–9, 81
regionalism297–8, 303–4
eroticism, see sex
essentialism, eugenics and323–6
eugenics
about321–2
anti-Semitism and328–9
determinism and essentialism323–6
euthanasia and331–2
fertility, concerns as to326–9
First World War332–3
New Woman157, 325–6
state policy330–2
surplus population329–30
theme11–12
urban degeneration326–7
eurythmy172
euthanasia, eugenics and331–2
Evans, Caradoc300
evidence, photography as589–90
evolutionary theory5
exploration stories, see adventure stories
Fabianism5
Falder (Justice)138–9
Fanon, Frantz70
fantasy
archaeological fantastic63
mythology, see mythology
science fiction, see scientific romance
Fascism, medievalism and31, 36
feminism
fin de siècle2
First World War128
modernism and127–8
New Woman, see New Woman
politics14
theme14
work15
Fenollosa, Ernest94
fiction
genre categories, emergence of232
truth and52–3
‘Field, Michael’, see ‘Michael Field’
Fielding, Henry42
film, see cinema
fin de siècle
1920s3
associations3
category4
century endings2
global perspective2
themes2–3
use of term3
‘Fiona Macleod’, see Sharp, William
First World War
‘crisis of belief ’127
death and6
death drive55
effect of2
eugenics332–3
feminism128
hands, symbolism of379–97
invasion scare stories, see adventure stories
medievalism and34–5
paper shortage16
poetry7
survivors’ domestic relationships392–7
utopianism175
women nurses’ memoires388–92
Flaubert, Gustave187–9
Madame Bovary120
Fletcher, John Gould
‘In the city of Night’96
Flint, F. S.87, 90, 173–4
‘Four Poems in Unrhymed Cadence’96
food, see diet
Ford, Ford Madox90, 201–2, 251–2
Good Soldier, The199–200
Inheritors, The280, 285–7
forgetting, see memory
Forster, E. M.63
Howards End182–3, 330, 459–61, 488, 491–6
Room with a View, A583
Where Angels Fear to Tread606–7
Foster, Roy73, 74–5, 79–80
Foucault, Michel65, 417
fourth dimension, see city
Frazer, James38, 39, 49
Freeman, R. Austin238–41
‘Freewoman’
New Woman, see New Woman
theme8
utopianism177–8
Freud, Sigmund6, 55–7, 60, 62, 63–4, 67
Beyond the Pleasure Principle55–6
‘Uncanny, The’26
Friedman, Susan Stanford130–1
Frost, Robert
‘Snow’604
(p. 645) Fry, Roger23, 88–9, 461–2
Fussell, Paul109
future, medievalism and the36
Futurism
modernism and119
New Drama and136
post-impressionism and89
Gale, Maggie
West End Women147
Galison, Peter
Objectivity223–5
Galsworthy, John15, 138
Forsyte Saga, The198–9
Justice138–9
Galton, Francis327
Gaonkar, Dilip Parameshwar130–1
Garden City Movement29
Gaskell, Elizabeth
North and South294
gender
androgynism425
cross-dressing and419
cross-gender desire and same sex desire distinguished419–20
dandyism and gender transgression420–2
theme13–14
transgenderism, see transgenderism
‘generic irregularity’, romance and5
Genette, Gérard38
genre categories, emergence of232
ghost stories, see spiritualism
Gill, Eric21–2, 30, 35
Girouard, Mark
Return to Camelot, The34
Gissing, Alice
On the Face of the Waters623–4
Gissing, George12
‘Daughter of the Lodge, A’159
Nether World, The329
New Grub Street471–2, 532–3
Odd Women, The159, 469–70
Whirlpool, The452–3
Glaspell, Susan
Trifles145
Glass, S. T.31
globalization
analytic frameworks308
cosmopolitanism, see cosmopolitanism
empire and11, 305–8, 316
fin de siècle2
literary criticism and305
regionalism and11
Glover, Evelyn
Chat with Mrs Chicky, A474
Goebel, Stefan35
Goldstone, Andrew4
Goll, Claire
‘Hand of Wax, The’393–6
Goodall, Jane630–1
Gorki, Maxim567–8
Gothic movement, see medievalism
Götte, Alexander63
Grand, Sarah8, 151, 154–6, 157, 161
Beth Book, The159
Heavenly Twins, The155–6, 422–4
Ideala: A Story from Life156
‘New Aspect of the Woman Question, The’154–5
Granville-Barker, Harley
Madras House, The165
Voysey Inheritance, The145
Green-Lewis, Jennifer592
Grieve, C. M., see MacDiarmid, Hugh
Griffith, D. W.571
Grimm, Jacob38
Gropius, Walter28, 36
Grossmith, George and Weedon
Diary of a Nobody, The15, 506–7
Grundy, Sydney
New Woman, The163
Guest, Antony
Art and the Camera583
Guild Socialism, see socialism
Gurney, Edmund272
Hall, Radclyffe
‘Miss Ogilvy Finds Herself ’427
Well of Loneliness, The426
hallucinations, see spiritualism
Hamerton, P. G.
‘Book Illustration’550–1
Hamilton, Cicely15
Diana of Dobson’s165, 468–9
How the Vote was Won164
Marriage as a Trade165
hands, see touch
Hannan, Charles
Thuka of the Moon227–8
Hapgood, Lynne
Outside Modernism206
Harding, Jason124
(p. 646) Hardy, Thomas12, 15, 23–4, 159–60, 165, 295–6, 329–30, 475
Far From the Madding Crowd160
Jude the Obscure23–4, 160, 161, 197, 198
Laodicean, A590
Tess of the d’Urbervilles161, 296
‘The Son’s Portrait’586–7
‘Voice, The’110
Woodlanders, The160
Harkness, Margaret
City Girl, A436
Harland, Henry212
Harrison, Jane629–30
Harte, Bret
Condensed Novels503
Hartley, May154
Hartman, Charles
Free Verse103
Harvey, Graham352, 353
Hastings, Beatrice171
Havelock Ellis, Henry57
Hawthorne, Nathaniel40
Hazlitt, William101
Heidegger, Martin380
Henty, G. A.237
Heron, E. and H., see Pritchard, Kate and Hesketh
Heusler, Andreas26
Hirschfeld, Magnus417, 418
history, cinematic representations of570–1
Hobson, J. A.
Imperialism311, 312, 454–5
Hobson, S. G.31, 36
Hodgson, William Hope10
Carnacki the Ghost Finder277
Hodnett, Edward557
Holme, Constance295
homoeroticism
Decadence and6
touch and393–5
homosexuality
cross-gender desire distinguished419–20
dandyism and426–7
death and65–6
Decadence and6
fin de siècle2
theme13
Hopkins, Gerard Manley21, 110–11
‘Heaven-Haven’111
‘Spring and Fall’111
Horkheimer, Max126–7
Hornung, E. W.
Raffles: The Amateur Cracksman503–4
Housman, A. E.65
Shropshire Lad, A65–6
Howard, Ebenezer
Tomorrow: A Peaceful Path to Real Reform29
Hudson, W. H.
Crystal Age, A26–7
Hull, E. M.244
Hulme, T. E.85–7, 90–1, 92–6, 98–101
‘Above the Dock’95
‘Autumn’95, 96
‘Lecture on Modern Poetry, A’93
‘Notes on Language and Style’92–3
‘Romanticism and Classicism’93, 99, 100–1
humour
journalism531
parody, see parody
theme15
Huysmans, Joris-Karl
À rebours484–5
Against Nature59, 63
Hynes, Samuel
Edwardian Turn of Mind, The170
Ibsen, Henrik12, 140
Doll’s House, A162, 324
Ghosts323–4
Hedda Gabler145
illustration
Art Nouveau556
artists and authors540
cinema and562–3
critics’ neglect of544–50
‘Golden Age’ of539–40
new printing technologies539–40
new ways of544
photography and558–63, 590–1
‘photoplay editions’562
realization and556–8
rivalry between art and literature550–3
separation between art and literature553–5
theatre and562
theme16
unity between art and literature555–6
’imaginary portrait’, see biography
imagination, science and9
Imagism85, 90, 92, 97, 116–17
imperialism, see empire
impressionism
impact of190–1, 194
literature and187
naturalism and191–4, 196, 198–202
realism and189–90, 202
theme8
(p. 647) indexes, periodical533
India
obsolete technology17–18, 610–24
Rudyard Kipling and, see Kipling, Rudyard
individuality, work and loss of475–6
industrialisation
pre-industrial past, nostalgia for474–5
work and463–4
interplanetary fiction, see scientific romance
invasion scare stories, see adventure stories
Ireland
Celticism, see Celticism
regionalism299–300
‘Iron, Ralph’, see Schreiner, Olive
irony, parody and508–10
Irving, Henry628–9, 631
Jackson, Holbrook31
James, Henry3, 4, 14, 15, 16, 17, 40, 63, 442–5, 486–7, 498, 562, 591
Ambassadors, The606
‘Art of Fiction, The’43, 191–2
Aspern Papers, The594
Golden Bowl, The551, 593
Princess Casamassima, The197–8, 443–5, 486
Tragic Muse, The482, 488–9
James, William11–12
Jameson, Fredric129, 131
Jefferies, Richard
After London34
Jensen, Wilhelm
‘Gradiva’63
Johnson, Lionel61
Johnson, Samuel42, 111
Johnston, Annie Fellows
Little Colonel, The404–7
Jones, David30
In Parenthesis35
journalism
digitization projects533–5
division between 19th and 20th centuries535–6
examples529–32
humour531
indexes533
‘new journalism’525–9, 538
periodicals527–8
Russian literature537–8
theme16
women in532–3, 536
‘wonder’, production of532
Joyce, James3, 117, 141–2
Exiles141–2
Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man, A4, 109, 181
Stephen Hero4
Ulysses12, 117, 202, 229–30, 337, 339, 341, 343–9
‘Kailyard’ school300–1
Kandinsky, Wassily89
Kelmscott Press555
Kendall, May
‘In the Toy Shop’160
Kenner, Hugh127, 129–30
Poetry of Ezra Pound, The123
Keynes, John Maynard
End of Laissez-Faire, The448–9
Kingsley, Charles21
Kipling, Rudyard45, 47, 49, 236–7, 612–16, 624
Kim5, 41–2, 44, 45–6, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 53
‘Mrs Bathurst’568
kitsch, modernity and2
Knight, Henry
Hand of Ethelberta, The160
Pair of Blue Eyes, A160
Koch, John81
Kodak cameras582
labour, see work
Labour Party, see socialism
laissez-faire, see economics
Lang, Andrew43, 49, 49–50, 269–70
language
Celticism and79–81
poetry and6
theatricality and137–40
Larionov, Mikhail89
‘late style’, concept of3–4
lateness, concept of3–4
Lawrence, D. H.3, 8, 169
‘Bare Almond Trees’601
‘Blind Man, The’393–4
Paul Morel4
Rainbow, The4, 169, 331, 475–6, 597
Sons and Lovers4
Women in Love599–600
Lazarus, Neil130–1
Le Bon, Gustave255–6, 258
Le Corbusier29
Le Petit Journal des Refusées529–32
Le Queux, William242
Lee, Vernon63
(p. 648) Leerssen, Joep70, 71
lesbianism
cross-dressing416, 426
death and6, 64, 66–7
neopaganism and359–61
Levenson, Michael
Genealogy of Modernism, The121
Levin, Harry121
Levy, Amy
Romance of a Shop, The582
Lewis, Pericles103
Lewis, Wyndham23, 85, 89, 123
liberalism, theme5
literary criticism
categories4
genres4
geographical scope4
‘global turn’305
illustration544–50
temporal scope3–4
themes4–5
literary culture
Aestheticism, see Aestheticism
authorship5, 15
reading and transmission5, 481–3
sensory responses to reading483–7
themes15–16
writing techniques15
literary imagination, see imagination
literary style, see style
localism, see regionalism
Locke, George220–1
Locker-Lampson, Frederick
‘Our Photographs’586
Lowell, Amy85, 88, 90
Six French Poets96
Lowell, James Russell514
Lowell, Percival221, 222, 224
Luckhurst, Roger218
Lukács, Georg211
Lumière brothers (Auguste and Louis)17, 567–8
Luria, Alexander Romanovich336–7
Lyra Celtica71
Macaulay, Rose
What Not: A Prophetic Comedy332
MacCarthy, Desmond10
MacDiarmid, Hugh121–2
MacDougall, Robert552
Machen, Arthur63
Machine, theme5
Macintyre, John251
Mackay, Polina98
MacLeish, Archibald
Irresponsibles, The122
‘Macleod, Fiona’, see Sharp, William
MacNicholas, John142
Malory, Sir Thomas34
Le Morte d’Arthur36
Malthus, Thomas327
Mandler, Peter32
Mansfield, Katherine
‘Tiredness of Rosabel, The’165, 216
Marinetti, Filippo89
‘Variety Theatre, The’136
marionettes, see theatre
Maritain, Jacques30
‘Mark Rutherford’, see White, William Hale
marriage, New Woman and154–6
Mars (planet), see scientific romance
Marsden, Dora169, 177–8
Martin, Meredith110
Martin, Violet Florence, see Somerville and Ross
Marx, Karl15, 26, 339
Marxism
city and128
cosmopolitanism and495
medievalism and22, 23, 26
socialism and434–7
‘masked-marionette’, see puppetry
Matthews, J. Brander
‘Kinetoscope of Time, The’17, 569, 570
Maxwell, James Clerk257
McDonagh, Josephine139
McDougall, William258–9
McFarlane, James121
Mechanized Eccentric, see puppetry
media technologies, see communication technologies
medievalism
about21–2
Aestheticism and24
anti-Semitism and31–2
architecture and28–9
Christianity and23, 27, 30
conceptions22–4
Decadence and24
destructive novelty32–6
Fascism and36
First World War34–5
future and36
Gothic movement23, 24, 25, 26, 29
Gothicism and regionalism298
Marxism and22, 23, 26
modernity and24–36
sex and27
(p. 649) socialism and31, 441–2
theme5
memory
amnesia336–7
collective forgetfulness340–3
forgetfulness337–40
imperative to remember335
nationalism and12
photography and586–93
science of335–6
theme12
truth and52
Ulysses and national forgetting337, 339, 341, 343–9
‘meta-autobiographic’, see biography
Metropolis, see city
‘Michael Field’ (Katherine Bradley and Edith Cooper)6, 12, 66, 359–61
Sight and Song359–60, 483–4
Underneath the Bough66–7
Michaels, Walter Benn79
Mill, J. S.107
millenarianism, utopianism and8
Millin, Sarah Gertrude39, 47
mimicry, see theatre
Mind, see psychology
‘modern spirit’
New Woman8
theme7
modernism
changeover to1
city and128–9
continuity with previous era2
destructive novelty32–6
international modernism123
‘long modernism’, origins2
modernity and2, 7, 125
New Criticism and125, 127
scope of current work1–2
self-referencing131
temporal progression3–4, 7, 119–31
transitional age3
transnational modernism129–30
writers3
modernity
avant-garde and2
Decadence and2
kitsch and2
modernism and2, 7, 125
postmodernism and2
types of125–6
Moi, Toril
Henrik Ibsen and the Birth of Modernism140
molecular physics, see science
Mona Lisa (da Vinci)61
Moon, see selenography
Moore, George195
Irish Melodies501
Mummer’s Wife, A196–7
Moretti, Franco10
Graphs, Models, Trees232–3
Morris, William21, 22–3, 28, 29, 30, 32, 551, 555–6
Defence of Guenevere and Other Poems, The34, 36
Earthly Paradise, The22, 27
‘Hollow Land, The’34
News from Nowhere22, 27, 32–3, 174, 441–2
Morrison, Arthur208–9, 216
Child of the Jago, A281, 282, 470–1
Tales of Mean Streets281
‘To Bow Bridge’209–10
Morton, Timothy353–4
motherhood, theme5
Muir, Edwin
Transition3
Müller, F. Max38, 39, 49
Muthesius, Hermann36
Das englische Haus28
Myers, Frederic271–2
mythology
archaeological fantastic63
empire and38–9, 47–53
Joseph Conrad and50–3
meaning of48–50
mythological register49–50
realism and52–3
romance and50, 51, 52–3
science and49–50
science and myth219–21, 227, 228–30
theme5
Naden, Constance
‘Love’s Mirror’160
‘New Orthodoxy, The’160
narrative theory
empire and38
Nasmyth, James
Moon, Considered as a Planet, a World, and a Satellite, The223, 224–5
nationalism
Celticism and79–81
memory and12
theme4
(p. 650) naturalism
city and282
impact of190–1, 194–5
impressionism and191–4, 196, 198–202
influence of196–8
literature and187
realism and189–91
theme8
neopaganism
about350–1
art and359–61
Christianity and356
E. F. Benson356–9, 362
eco-paganism351–4, 362
Edward Carpenter354–6, 362
lesbianism and359–61
‘Michael Field’359–61, 362
theme12
Nesbit, E.
Story of the Treasure Seekers, The411
New Criticism
city and128
modernism and125, 127
New Drama
about133–5
avant-garde and133
body in performance143–4
category4, 7
Futurism and136
language and theatricality137–40
legacy of146–8
materiality of theatre142–6
modernism and theatre135–7
realism and140–2
‘new journalism’, see journalism
New Man, theme13
New Quarterly254–6
New Woman
avant-garde and156
category4
conceptions150–3
cross-dressing420, 422–4
dandyism and415, 420
eugenics157, 325–6
‘Freewoman’, see ‘Freewoman’
legacy165–6
male writers and161–2
marriage and154–6
’modern spirit’8
motherhood and156–8
novels165
politics14, 164–5
power of154
representative writers150–4
reproduction and156–7
short fiction158, 212, 216
‘social purity’8
suffragism164–5
theatre162–4
transgenderism13
use of term150
work and158–60, 164–5
writing and160–1
‘newness’
critiques8
destructive novelty, modernism and32–6
theme6
newspapers, see journalism
‘niche’, meaning of233–4
Nicholson, Marjorie Hope9, 220
Nietzsche, Friedrich57, 62, 94
Birth of Tragedy50
‘On the Uses and Disadvantages of History for Life’337–8, 339–40
Thus Spoke Zarathustra174
Nordau, Max57
Degeneration62, 575–6
Norman, Henry437–8
objectivity, science and223–5
obsolete technology
anachronism18, 610–24
theme17–18
occultism
fin de siècle2
theme5
O’Connor, T. P.
‘New Journalism, The’526
Odylic force, see psychical research
O’Leary, Philip81
Oppen, George96
Orage, Alfred31, 36, 168–9, 170–1, 446
Orientalism
Celticism and6, 70
empire and315–16
Owen, Wilfred35, 385–8, 509
‘Apologia Pro Poemate Meo’386
‘Disabled’387
‘Strange Meeting’388
Oxford Phantasmatological Society263–5
paganism, see neopaganism
Palgrave’s Golden Treasury107–8, 111
paper, First World War shortage16
para-scientific knowledge
city and the supernatural282–3
occultism, see occultism
(p. 651) psychical research, see psychical research
spiritualism, see spiritualism
supernatural, theme10
theme5, 10
Parker, Richard Barry29
Parnell, Charles Stewart75
parody
genre4, 500–4
irony and508–10
Max Beerbohm497–9
targets505–8
Parry, David
Scarlet Empire, The171
Pasteur, Louis258
Pater, Walter27, 60–1, 63, 76
‘Child in the House, The’60, 519–20
Imaginary Portraits514–20
Marius the Epicurean65
Renaissance, The23, 60, 481–2, 517–19
Pearse, Patrick79
Penty, A. J.31, 36
performance, see theatre
periodicals, see journalism
Perloff, Marjorie107
Pevsner, Nikolaus36
Pioneers of the Modern Movement28
Phantasms of the Living272
photography
aesthetic power584–5
art and583–4
artistic credentials595–6
city591–5
democratic medium585–6
evidence, as589–90
illustration and558–63, 590–1
Kodak cameras582
memory and586–93
realism and595
status of582–3
technological developments583
theme16, 17
tourism and591
women588–9
‘photoplay editions’562
phrenology366–7
physics, see science
physiology, see body
‘picture plays’571–2
Pinero, Sir Arthur Wing
Notorious Mrs Ebbsmith, The164
Second Mrs Tanqueray, The134
Pinkney, Tony32
Plaatje, Solomon
Native Life in South Africa314–15
Poe, Edgar Allan59
poetry
1920s7
avant-garde, see avant-garde
Decadent forms109
First World War7
language and6
new forms7, 103–18
prose distinguished92, 98
political economy, see economics
politics
Aestheticism and15
anarchism, see anarchism
cosmopolitanism and491–6
fin de siècle2
literature, in431–46
Marxism, see Marxism
selfhood and14
socialism, see socialism
theme5, 14
popular science writing5
portraiture, see biography
post-impressionism
avant-garde and88–9
Futurism and89
Post-Impressionist Exhibition 1910121
postmodernism, modernity and2
Pound, Ezra3, 15, 31–2, 36, 85–6, 87–8, 90, 92, 93, 95–7, 99–101, 103–7, 116–17, 142, 595–6
‘Affirmations’101
‘Envoi’106, 107
Hugh Selwyn Mauberley106, 127
’I Gather the Limbs of Osiris’95–6, 97
‘In a Station of the Metro’96–7
New Age, The31
Pavannes and Divagations507–8
‘Prolegomena’91
‘Psychology and Troubadours’99
‘Salutation’173
‘Spirit of Romance, The’97
‘Villanelle: The Psychological Hour’109
‘Wisdom of Poetry, The’93–4, 97
Praz, Mario
Romantic Agony65
primitivism, theme5
Pritchard, Kate and Hesketh
Ghosts: Being the Experiences of Flaxman Low274–5
Propp, Vladimir38, 39
Morphology of the Folktale38
prose and poetry distinguished92, 98
Prosser, Jay417
(p. 652) psychical research
clairvoyance268
Odylic force266–7
psychic detectives274–7
Society for Psychical Research10, 265–74
spiritualism268–70
theme10
psychoanalysis
death drive, see death drive
Decadence and6, 57–8
theme5, 6
psychology
about364–6
consciousness, see consciousness
crowds258–61
imagination, see imagination
memory, see memory
mimicry365–9
phrenology and366–7
Sully’s Studies of Childhood372–7
theatre and12–13, 369–72, 377
theme5, 11–12
Pugin, A. W. N.21, 23, 24, 28
Punch magazine, parody in500–2
puppetry
Aestheticism and632–3
‘cult of the puppet’632
‘masked-marionette’628–9, 636, 638
Mechanized Eccentric636–7, 638
oral and popular traditions634
robots633–4
Symbolism and633
technology and633–4
theme18
Übermarionette626, 628, 629, 630, 632, 634–6
queer culture, see homosexuality
Quiller-Couch, Sir Arthur505
Rabaté, Jean-Michel122
race
biology and5, 321–33
Celticism and79–81
radicalism, see politics
Rainey, Lawrence
Institutions of Modernism124
Raj, see India
‘Ralph Iron’, see Schreiner, Olive
Ramazani, Jahan130
reading, see literary culture
realism
empire and43–7, 49
Flaubert and187–9
impressionism and189–90, 202
literature and187
mythology and52–3
naturalism and189–90
New Drama and140–2
photography and595
romance and49–50, 191
short fiction207
theatre and18
theme8
‘Realism and Romance’ (Lang)43
realization, illustration and556–8
Rebel Art Centre89
regionalism
Celticism and300
city and297–9
England297–8, 303–4
genre294–5
globalization and11
Gothicism and298
Ireland299–300
‘region’ defined292–3
‘regional novel’295–6
Scotland300–2
theme4, 11
Wales300
Reichenbach, Carl von266
Remarque, Erich Maria
All Quiet on the Western Front379–80
Renan, Ernest340–3
La poésie des races celtiques71
reporting, see journalism
reproduction
death and63
theme5
Reynolds, Stephen16
Poor Man’s House, A520
Rhymers’ Club75–6, 109
Rhys, Ernest71, 75, 76–8
‘Harp Playing in a London Fog, On a’77
Wales England Wed (Ernest Rhys)77
Welsh Ballads72, 76, 78
Rhys, Jean
Postures (Quartet)200–1
Ribot, Théodule94
Richardson, Dorothy
Pilgrimage473–4, 604
Richardson, Samuel42
Ricketts, Charles144
Rider Haggard, Sir Henry51, 206–7, 235–6
King Solomon’s Mines236
Robertson, T. W.
Birth141
Caste141
(p. 653) Robins, Elizabeth138, 139–40
Votes for Women!134, 146, 159
Robinson, A. Mary F.
‘Sonnet, The’160
robots633–4
romance
empire and40, 43, 45–7, 49
‘generic irregularity’5
mythology and50, 51, 52–3
realism and49–50, 191
scientific, see scientific romance
romanticism
avant-garde and100–1
Decadence and2
modernism and30, 120
Röntgen, Wilhelm Conrad250–1
Rossetti, Christina
‘Song of Flight’106–7
Rowe, Mark101
Ruskin, John15, 21, 22, 27, 28, 29, 30
Russian literature, journal articles on537–8
‘Rutherford, Mark’, see White, William Hale
Ryan, G. H.
Fifteen Months in the Moon228–9
Ryan, W. P.75
Said, Edward6, 70, 75, 90
Culture and Imperialism70
Orientalism70
Saintsbury, George108, 116, 206–7
History of English Prose Rhythm, A116–17
same-sex desire, see homosexuality
Sandburg, Carl
Chicago Poems117
Sappho64
Sartre, Jean-Paul9, 219
satire, see humour
School of Images85, 87, 88, 96
Schreiner, Olive8, 44, 45, 46, 47, 50, 53, 154, 158–9
Dreams158
Story of an African Farm, The5, 40–1, 44–5, 46–7, 47–8, 49, 51, 152–3, 424, 438–41
Woman and Labour152, 160–1, 169
science
adventure stories and241
biology, see biology
crowd psychology258–61
cultural matrix with literature256–61
generalist periodicals, in254–6
imagination and9
molecular physics257–8
myth and219–21, 227, 228–30
mythology and49–50
objectivity223–5
physics5
science fiction as ‘super-niche’232
scientific discoveries249–61
theatricality of367–8
theme5, 10
writers’ awareness of250–3
X-rays250–3
scientific romance
about218–19
astronomy and221–4
Mars221–2, 224
science and myth219–21, 227, 228–30
theme5, 9
Scotland
Celticism, see Celticism
‘Kailyard’ school300–1
regionalism300–2
Scott, Bonnie Kime122
Seafarer, The (Old English poem)31
selenography, see scientific romance
selfhood, politics and14
self-portrait, see biography
Serviss, Garrett P.
Moon Metal, The226–7
sex
death and64–7
inversion, cross-dressing and416
medievalism and27
reproduction, see reproduction
utopianism and178–80
sexuality
childhood and13
homosexuality, see homosexuality
theme5, 13–14
Shakespeare, William
Henry IV Part 1140
Sharp, William71, 76–8, 79
Shaw, George Bernard15, 137, 142–5, 147, 163–4
Fanny’s First Play134
John Bull’s Other Island134
Major Barbara134
Man and Superman137–8, 143–5
Man of Destiny, The141
Mrs Warren’s Profession163
shopworkers, see work
short fiction
about204–6
cinema and17, 572
city and206–11
modernism and215–17
(p. 654) New Woman158, 212, 216
plotless207–10
realism207
theme9
women in211–15
Sidgwick, Henry268–9
Principles of Political Economy, The449–50
Sinclair, May
Combined Maze, The171
Tree of Heaven, The174, 178
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight (Old English poem)35
social anthropology5
social reform
Aestheticism and7
Welfare State455–62
socialism
about431–2
anarchism and168, 433
Fabianism, see Fabianism
Guild Socialism31, 36
ideal socialism168
individualistic171
Marxism and434–7
medievalism and441–2
practical socialism168
theme14
utopianism and8, 168, 433, 441–2
varieties of170–1
women’s radicalism437–41
writings433–7
Society for Psychical Research, see psychical research
Somerset Maugham, William
Liza of Lambeth329
Somerville, Edith, see Somerville and Ross
Somerville and Ross
Real Charlotte, The300
space
dematerialization280
theme5
Spengler, Oswald
Decline of the West, The56
spiritualism
about263–8
ghost stories270–1
hallucinations271–4
Oxford Phantasmatological Society263–5
psychic detectives274–7
psychical research268–70
theme5
spirituality, theme12
spoof, see humour
spy stories, see adventure stories
stage, see theatre
Stansky, Peter122
Stead, W. T.153, 156, 274, 526, 533
Steel, Flora Annie616–19
Steiner, Rudolf171–2
Sterne, Laurence
Tristram Shandy25
Stevenson, Robert Louis234–5, 293
‘Gossip on Romance’43
‘Humble Remonstrance, A’43
Stoker, Bram
Dracula25–6, 62, 269, 598–9
Stone, Christopher
Parody508–9
Strauss, Richard
Salomé65
Stricker, Salomon371–2
Strunsky, Simeon
‘Children That Lead Us, The’398–9
Stutfield, Hugh58, 156
style, use of15
suburbia
theme11
utopianism and171–2
suffragism
New Woman164–5
utopianism and177–8
Sullivan, Hannah91
Sully, James
Studies of Childhood372–7
supernatural, see para-scientific knowledge
‘super-niches’, see adventure stories
Swain, E. G.589
Swinburne, Algernon Charles60, 64
Poems and Ballads64
Symbolism
death and64, 65
modernism and120
puppetry and633
Symonds, John Addington
Sexual Inversion418
Symons, Arthur3, 57, 76, 112
‘Decadent Movement in Literature, The’57
‘Grey Hours: Naples’112
Symbolist Movement in Literature, The76
synaesthesia, see Aestheticism
Tally Jr, Robert T.280
Taylor, Frederick Winslow464
Tennyson, Alfred, 1st Baron Tennyson27, 34, 111–16
‘Charge of the Light Brigade, The’34
‘Locksley Hall’112–16
‘Ulysses’108
Thackeray, William Makepiece43
Vanity Fair34
theatre
biomechanics637–8
body in performance18, 143–4, 626–38
experiments18
illustration and562
language and137–40
mimicry and science12–13
modernism and135–7
New Drama, see New Drama
psychology and369–72, 377
puppetry, see puppetry
realism and18
shop-girls468
theme5
Thomas, Edward11, 69–70, 302–3
Beautiful Wales6, 69, 70
‘Chalk-Pit, The’303
Thomas Edison567, 569
Thompson, E. P.22
Thomson, Flora
Lark Rise to Candleford166
Thurston, Katherine Cecil
Max423
time
anachronism18
cinematic perceptions569
literary criticism, temporal scope3–4
modernism, temporal progression3–4, 7
non-linear temporality280
theme5
Todorov, Tzvetan39
touch
empathy and13
First World War literature, in379–97
intimacy380
literature and380, 383–8
same-sex intimacy393–5
vulnerability380
war survivors’ domestic relationships392–7
war writing381–2
women nurses’ memoirs388–92
Toulmin, Stephen126–7
transgenderism, theme13–14
transvestism, see clothing
Tressell, Robert
Ragged Trousered Philanthropists, The175, 470
Trollope, Anthony
Way We Live Now, The451–2
Trotter, David224
truth
fiction and52–3
memory and52
Twain, Mark
‘Telephone Conversation, A’603
Tylor, E. B.38, 39, 49
Übermarionette, see puppetry
‘uneven development’ theory of urbanisation128–30
Unwin, Sir Raymond29
urbanization, see city
utopianism
anarchism and171
architecture and169–70
diet and180–3
eurythmy172
First World War175
ideal socialism168–9
modernism, and174–5
sex and178–80
socialism and433, 441–2
suburbia and171–2
suffragism and177
theme8
use of term169
vegetarianism, see diet
Verne, Jules221, 223
Around the World in Eighty Days610–11
Vida Levering (Votes for Women!)159
Viollet-le-Duc, Eugène33–4
visual culture
cinema, see cinema
photography, see photography
theme5
Vorticism85, 90, 92, 97
votes for women, see suffragism
Voysey, C. F. A.30
Wales
Celticism, see Celticism
regionalism300
Wall Street Crash 1929124
Watt, Ian51, 52
Watts, C. T.251–2
Webb, Beatrice134, 137
Weininger, Otto
Sex and Character178–9
(p. 656) Weismann, August6, 57, 59, 63
Essays upon Heredity and Kindred Biological Problems56
Studies in the Theory of Descent56
Welch, Robert73
Welfare State455–62
Wells, H. G.8, 15, 30, 162, 171, 218, 572–4
Ann Veronica162
‘Door in the Wall, The’284–5
First Men in the Moon, The223, 225–6
Food of the Gods, The183–4
Kipps: The Story of a Simple Soul456–8, 466–8
Modern Utopia, A30, 171
Time Machine62
Tono-Bungay297–8
White, William Hale
Autobiography of Mark Rutherford, The520–3
Whitehead, Alfred North249–50
Whitman, Walt113–16
‘Song of Myself, The’104
Wicks, Mark
To Mars Via the Moon: An Astronomical Story222
Wilde, Oscar23, 58, 64, 481–2
Canterville Ghost, The273–4
‘Critic as Artist, The’61
De Profundis607–8
Ideal Husband, An136, 163–4
Picture of Dorian Gray, The3, 421, 484–5, 511–13
Salomé64–5, 489–90
‘Soul of Man under Socialism, The’171
Williams, Raymond22–3, 29, 89, 119
‘Metropolitan Perceptions and the Emergence of Modernism’128–9
Willis, Chris267
Winter, O.574–5
women
adventure stories243–4
feminism, see feminism
‘Freewoman’, see ‘Freewoman’
journalism, in532–3, 536
lesbianism, see lesbianism
motherhood, see motherhood
New Woman, see New Woman
nurses in First World War388–92
photography588–9
short fiction9, 211–15
socialism437–41
suffragism, see suffragism
touch388–92
wives of war-wounded men395–6
‘Woman Question’, see New Woman
work472–4
‘wonder’, journalism and production of532
Woolf, Leonard
‘Pearls and Swine’311–14
Village in the Jungle, The313–14
Woolf, Virginia3, 14, 123, 192–4, 215–16, 253
‘Character in Fiction’175–6
Jacob’s Room195
To the Lighthouse580–1
Mrs Dalloway121, 193–4, 202, 258–9
Night and Day4, 259–60
Room of One’s Own, A158
Voyage Out, The4
work
capitalism and470
conditions471–2
criminality and470–1
diversification463–4
escape476–7
industrialisation463–4
loss of individuality475–6
pre-industrial past474–5
representations of463–6
shopworkers466–70
theme14–15
women472–4
World War I,see First World War
Wren, Sir Christopher24, 33
writing, see literary culture
X-rays, see science
Yeats, W. B.24, 61–2, 72–3, 75–9, 109, 110
Autobiographies76
Celtic Twilight24
‘Mona Lisa’518–19
Rose, The110
Yellow Book212
Yonge, Charlotte21
Zdanevich, Ilia89
Zola, Émile49, 187, 189, 190, 194, 195, 197–8, 323
Au Bonheur des Dames466