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date: 25 January 2020

Abstract and Keywords

A full description of the language faculty requires uncovering both the universal characteristics of the language system and the modulations imposed by language specific properties. This second requirement can only be achieved by conducting cross-linguistic research. This article reviews some of the recent research conducted in the field of language production that bears on cross-linguistic issues. It focuses on psycholinguistic experiments in which chronometric and/or accuracy performance is registered in normal speakers. The article also assesses several studies which have addressed the processes involved in the retrieval from the lexicon of open-class words (that is, lexical categories such as nouns, verbs, adjectives, certain adverbs, etc.). Moreover, it discusses how closed-class words are retrieved from the lexicon (closed-class words are grammatical words such as determiners, prepositions, and conjunctions); how speakers compute agreement during speech production; the processes involved in the construction of syntactic structures during speech planning; some research addressing the structure of the phonological and phonetic representations; and research addressing the issue of phonological planning in speech production.

Keywords: cross-linguistic research, language production, psycholinguistic experiments, retrieval, lexicon, open-class words, closed-class words, agreement, speech production, phonological planning

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