- Series Information
- The Oxford Handbook of Transcranial Stimulation
- List of Contributors
- Section I Physics and Biophysics of TMS
- TMS waveform and current direction
- TMS stimulator design
- TMS stimulation coils
- Magnetic field stimulation: the brain as a conductor
- Lessons learned from magnetic stimulation of physical models and peripheral nerve <i>in vitro</i>
- Direct current brain polarization
- Transcranial electrical stimulation and intraoperative neurophysiology of the corticospinal tract
- Section II TMS Measures of Motor Cortical and Corticospinal Excitability: Physiology, Function, and Plasticity
- The size of motor-evoked potentials: influencing parameters and quantification
- The cortical silent period
- Paired-pulse measures
- Evaluating the interaction between cortical inhibitory and excitatory circuits measured by TMS
- Pharmacology of TMS measures
- Transcranial stimulation measures explored by epidural spinal cord recordings
- TMS measures and voluntary motor function
- Changes in TMS Measures induced by repetitive TMS
- Neuroplasticity induced by transcranial direct current stimulation
- Use-dependent changes in TMS measures
- Section III The Motor-evoked Potential in Health and Disease
- The MEP in clinical neurodiagnosis
- TMS in the perioperative period
- TMS in movement disorders
- TMS: neurodevelopment and perinatal insults
- Using the TMS-induced Motor-evoked potential to evaluate the neurophysiology of psychiatric disorders
- Tms in Migraine
- Design and analysis of motor-evoked potential data in pediatric neurobehavioral disorder investigations
- Inter- and intra-individual variation in the response to TMS
- Section IV TMS in Perception and Cognition
- TMS and visual awareness
- Higher visual cognition: search, neglect, attention, and eye movements
- Studies of Crossmodal Functions with TMS
- Motor cognition: TMS studies of action generation
- Investigating language organization with TMS
- Higher cognitive functions: memory and reasoning
- Mathematics and TMS
- Section V TMS and Brain Mapping
- Combining brain imaging with brain stimulation: causality and connectivity
- TMS and positron emission tomography: methods and current advances
- Concurrent TMS and functional magnetic resonance imaging: methods and current advances
- TMS and electroencephalography: methods and current advances
- Section VI Therapeutic Applications of Tms
- Therapeutic potential of TMS-induced plasticity in the prefrontal cortex
- Methodological issues in clinical trial design for TMS
- TMS in the treatment of major depressive disorder
- TMS in bipolar disorder
- TMS clinical trials involving patients with schizophrenia
- TMS in the study and treatment of anxiety disorders
- Movement Disorders
- Brain stimulation in neurorehabilitation
- TMS and pain
- Table 46.3 Effects of repetitive TMS on chronic pain: targets other than the primary motor cortex
Abstract and Keywords
Two stimulation approaches developed for selectively exciting descending motor pathways are, transcranial electrical (TES) and transcranial magnetic (TMS) stimulation. This article highlights the comparison between electrical and magnetic transcranial stimulation. Magnetic stimulation is relatively painless; therefore it is the more preferred technique. The article reviews the use of TMS for monitoring the functional integrity of the descending motor systems during surgery and discusses the potential role of TMS in the preoperative period for conscious patients planning to undergo neurosurgical procedures involving the cerebral cortex. Selective monitoring of spinal cord motor function involves acquisition of TMS-induced epidural and/or myogenic responses. As patients are generally given anesthesia before spinal cord surgeries, this article discusses the effect of general anesthetic agents on the myogenic responses.
Laverne Gugino, Department of Anesthesia, Brigham & Women's Hospital.
Rafael Romero, Department of Anesthesia, Brigham & Women's Hospital.
Marcella Rameriz, Department of Anesthesia, Brigham & Women's Hospital.
Marc Richardson, Department of Anesthesia, Brigham & Women's Hospital.
Linda Aglio, Department of Anesthesia, Brigham & Women's Hospital.
Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.
If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.