- Oxford Library of Psychology
- The Oxford Handbook of Human Motivation
- Short Contents
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editor
- Motivation and the Organization of Human Behavior: Three Reasons for the Reemergence of a Field
- Social Cognitive Theory and Motivation
- Cybernetic Control Processes and the Self-Regulation of Behavior
- The Role of Death in Life: Existential Aspects of Human Motivation
- Too Much of a Good Thing? Trade-offs in Promotion and Prevention Focus
- Motivation, Personality, and Development Within Embedded Social Contexts: An Overview of Self-Determination Theory
- Ego Depletion: Theory and Evidence
- Implicit–Explicit Motive Congruence
- Curiosity and Motivation
- Interest and Its Development
- Achievement Goals
- Goal Pursuit
- Unconscious Goal Pursuit: Nonconscious Goal Regulation and Motivation
- The Motivational Complexity of Choosing: A Review of Theory and Research
- On Gains and Losses, Means and Ends: Goal Orientation and Goal Focus Across Adulthood
- Self-Enhancement and Self-Protection Motives
- The Gendered Body Project: Motivational Components of Objectification Theory
- Relatedness Between Children and Parents: Implications for Motivation
- Avoiding the Pitfalls and Approaching the Promises of Close Relationships
- Neuroscience and Human Motivation
- Evolved Individual Differences in Human Motivation
- Moods of Energy and Tension That Motivate
- Effort Intensity: Some Insights From the Cardiovascular System
- Motivation in Psychotherapy
- Motivation in Education
- Advances in Motivation in Exercise and Physical Activity
- Work Motivation: Directing, Energizing, and Maintaining Effort (and Research)
- Youth Motivation and Participation in Sport and Physical Activity
- Through a Fly's Eye: Multiple Yet Overlapping Perspectives on Future Directions for Human Motivation Research
Abstract and Keywords
People are powerfully motivated to form and maintain social relationships. Indeed, health and well-being are strongly tied to the course and quality of social bonds. However, while close relationships provide people with many advantages such as intimacy and social support, relationships can also be a detriment, such as when they are wrought with hostility and potential rejection. We present a framework of social and relationship motivation that simultaneously accounts for people's tendencies to both approach the incentives and avoid the threats in close relationships. Research examining the correlates of approach and avoidance motives and goals in relationships is reviewed and mediating mechanisms are explored. The implications and advantages of an approach and avoidance model of social motivation are highlighted and future research directions are discussed.
Shelly L. Gable, Department of Psychology, University of California, Santa Barbara.
Thery Prok, Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, University of California, Santa Barbara.
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