Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 20 September 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Theory and practice in peace psychology seek to explain and procure both negative and positive peace. Negative peace involves the prevention and mitigation of violent episodes and promotes harmonious relations within and across individuals and groups. Positive peace is aimed at the mitigation of structural violence or hierarchical power relations and the promotion of socially just relations among members of a society. In the current chapter, a multilevel framework, consisting of macro, meso, and micro levels of analysis, is used to identify prosocial processes involved both negative and positive peace. For convenience, the authors use the terms “peacemaking” and “peacebuilding” in reference to processes involved in negative and positive peace, respectively. While prosocial aspects of peacemaking involve cooperative behavior across levels, from micro to macro, within the context of positive interdependence, prosocial aspects of peacebuilding engender cooperation at micro and meso levels but often necessitate noncooperation at the macro level to yield more equitable structural arrangements among groups of people.

Keywords: negative peace, positive peace, direct violence, structural violence, macro level, meso level, micro level, cycles of violence, conflict transformation, conscientization

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.