Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 03 June 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Although tolerance refers to an important aspect of sociality, it has hardly received explicit research attention. Adopting a broad evolutionary perspective, this chapter interprets tolerance as a particular type of social control, allowing individuals to inhibit aggression and continue with “business as usual” when cooperation or reciprocity is mildly disrupted. Both tolerance and the many moral emotions that support it (e.g. guilt, sympathy, forgiveness, and tenderness) are based on perceiving others as vulnerable. A psychological model of tolerance is described in which perceptions of vulnerability activate a (parental) care system that can inhibit activation of a fight-or-flight system, which would be activated by harmful behavior of the tolerated individual. In addition to supporting the validity of the model with social-psychological studies, the chapter discusses the unintended side effects of extreme tolerance (“political correctness”) and relates tolerance to other types of social control, such as mutual criticism, punishment, and negotiation.

Keywords: tolerance, cooperation, social control, morality

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.