- Oxford Library of Psychology
- The Oxford Handbook of Military Psychology
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editors
- The Handbook of Military Psychology: An Introduction
- Comprehensive Soldier Fitness: Why? And Why Now?
- Combat-Related Stress Reactions Among U.S. Veterans of Wartime Service
- Physical Injuries; Psychological Treatment
- Operational Psychology: Foundation, Applications, and Issues
- Ethics, Human Rights, and Interrogations: The Position of the American Psychological Association
- In Search of Psychological Explanations of Terrorism
- Crime on the Battlefield: Military Fate or Individual Choice?
- What Do Commanders Really Want to Know?: U.S. Army Human Terrain System Lessons Learned from Iraq and Afghanistan
- An International Perspective on Military Psychology
- Military Selection and Classification in the United States
- Assessing Psychological Suitability for High-Risk Military Jobs
- Leadership in Dangerous Contexts: A Team-Focused, Replenishment-of-Resources Approach
- Swift Trust in Ad Hoc Military Organizations: Theoretical and Applied Perspectives
- Leader Development in a Natural Context
- Cognitive and Non-Cognitive Factors in Soldier Performance
- Characteristics of Sense-Making in Combat
- Military Engineering Psychology: Setting the Pace for Exceptional Performance
- Psychology’s Contribution to Military Training
- The Role of Sleep in the Military: Implications for Training and Operational Effectiveness
- Teams in the Military: A Review and Emerging Challenges
- Boredom: Groundhog Day as Metaphor for Iraq
- Minorities in the Military
- Gay Service Personnel in the U.S. Military: History, Progress, and a Way Forward
- Military Families in an Era of Persistent Conflict
- What They Deserve: Quality of Life in the U.S. Military
- Military Psychology: Closing Observations and a Look Forward
Abstract and Keywords
Since World War II, engineering psychologists have contributed immensely to the design of complex, sophisticated equipment and weapon systems to ensure that military personnel operate at optimum levels in training and combat. Engineering psychologists not only do superb human sciences research, but as practitioners, they serve as key consultants advocating for system users (soldiers, sailors, airmen, and marines) in the materiel systems engineering and development process. Human factors specialists bring in-depth appreciation of how human operators will perform on high-technology systems, under stressful working conditions, in harsh environmental extremes, often with information overload, in time-sensitive settings requiring quick, accurate decision-making, where failure is not an option. This chapter traces 65 years of researching and applying human engineering principles in military system design and operations. Projections for needed culture change are envisioned for future human-factors work with military forces.
Keywords: Human factors, human factors integration, human engineering, human systems integration, human performance, soldier performance, human systems design, military systems design, military psychology
Gerald P. Krueger, Krueger Ergonomics Consultants.
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