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date: 11 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

As large institutions began to downsize and individuals with severe disabilities moved back to their communities, the need arose for improved disability service programs for these citizens. The result was an increase in sheltered workshops and day-activity programs that offered consistency, security, and safety, much like the institutional settings these individuals had recently left. At the same time, a new philosophical approach known as normalization emerged. This was followed by an increase in residential and community-based employment services and government-funded small demonstration projects to test supported employment (SE) as a means to assist disabled individuals gain and maintain real jobs. The 1986 Rehabilitation Act Amendments provided funding for SE services through the National Vocational Rehabilitation system. This chapter briefly reviews the history of SE and offers guidance on targeted populations. A review of the philosophy and values associated with best practices follows, and the chapter concludes by describing model implementation.

Keywords: employment, disability, supported employment, vocational rehabilitation

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