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date: 11 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Although the concept of resilience is related to positive psychology in the sense that both focus on the promotion of competence, resilience refers to the process of adapting to or overcoming risk, whereas positive psychology is concerned mainly with competence enhancement among all individuals. This chapter provides an overview of the concepts of risk, promotive, and protective factors and reviews research documenting risk and protection among children and youth with disabilities. It then examines the applicability of these concepts to a prevention and intervention agenda within the field of disability generally and within special education specifically. Recommendations include documentation of ecological risk factors that are predictive of negative developmental outcomes, documentation of both promotive and protective factors that serve to enhance competence and buffer the negative effects of risk, and implementation and evaluation of risk reduction and protection enhancement prevention and intervention efforts for children, youth, and adults with disabilities.

Keywords: resilience, students with disabilities, coping, prevention

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