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date: 16 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter explores the implications of problem-solving and decision-making theory and research for a positive psychology of disability, focusing on the social/interpersonal aspects of these domains as they pertain to people with intellectual disabilities (ID) and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Intervention approaches shown to improve the decision-making performance of adults (i.e., ESCAPE-DD) and adolescents (i.e., PEER-DM) are described. Building on past theory and research, the chapter introduces a new theoretical model that highlights alternative pathways of decision processing. The model represents a major shift in prevailing views of decision making that provides a supportive structure for building a repertoire of effective decision-making skills. The chapter concludes that progress in research and theory on problem solving and decision making can contribute to a positive psychology of disability that promises to improve the quality of interpersonal experiences and social relationships of people with ID or ASD.

Keywords: abuse, autism spectrum disorder, decision making, intellectual disability, peer pressure, problem solving

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