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date: 15 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Adaptive behavior consists of those skills learned throughout development and performed in response to the expectations placed on us from our community and society at large. Adaptive skills become increasingly more complex with age. Adaptive behavior is defined as the collection of conceptual, social, and practical skills learned by people to enable them to function in their everyday lives. Adaptive behavior is a required diagnostic criterion of all systems defining intellectual and developmental disabilities. Several standardized adaptive behavior scales described in the chapter can be used to assess a person’s adaptive behavior for the purpose of either making a diagnosis and/or identifying the educational or interventional goals for the purpose of teaching the person skills that will contribute to independence and improved quality of life.

Keywords: adaptive behavior, adaptive skills, intellectual disability, developmental disabilities, autism spectrum disorders

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