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date: 23 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter explores how social exclusion operates via core social motives: Belonging, Understanding, Controlling, Enhancing Self, and Trusting Others (BUC[K]ET; Fiske, 2010a ). Within this framework, we explore how people’s desire to fulfill each motive with the in-group fosters exclusion of people outside the group. Moreover, we delineate the consequences for people who face social exclusion: Because exclusion severely hinders their ability to achieve the core social motives, excluded people may develop shattered assumptions (Janoff-Bulman, 1992 ) about their social world. This not only undermines excluded people’s physical and mental well-being, but also their ability to survive and thrive in the social world.

Keywords: belonging, controlling, core social motives, exclusion, self-enhancing, trusting, understanding

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