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date: 05 March 2021

Abstract and Keywords

The nonconscious behavioral mimicry and social exclusion literatures are merged to explore whether mimicking the behaviors of others could be a possible affiliative behavior that follows social exclusion. Behavioral mimicry has been linked to liking, affiliation, and the development of rapport, and typically operates outside of conscious awareness, making it an especially attractive way to recover from the negative effects of rejection. Data consistent with this argument are reviewed, and future directions for a fruitful continued merging of these literatures are discussed.

Keywords: affiliation, chameleon effect, exclusion, imitation, nonconscious behavioral mimicry, rejection

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