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date: 01 December 2020

Abstract and Keywords

Establishing and maintaining relationships with other people was among the most crucial tasks faced by our evolutionary ancestors. As a result, human beings possess adaptations not only to seek acceptance by other people and to respond adaptively to threats of social rejection but, ironically, to avoid and reject individuals who are judged to be poor relational partners and group members. This chapter examines the interplay of these opposing inclinations, the evolved adaptations that may underlie them, and implications of an evolutionary perspective for understanding emotional and behavioral reactions to interpersonal rejection.

Keywords: evolutionary psychology, hurt feelings, interpersonal rejection, need to belong, self-presentation

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