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date: 15 December 2019

Abstract and Keywords

In this chapter, the authors attempt to integrate the literature on interdependence as a property of relationships with the literature on interdependence as a property of selves. The literature on interdependence as a property of relationships largely defines the field of personal relationships, whereas the literature on interdependence as a property of selves largely defines the field of cultural psychology. With regard to important and foundational principles, ideas, and findings concerning interdependence as conceived by cultural psychologists, the authors draw upon Markus and Kitayama's (1991) self-construal model in distinguishing between independent and interdependent self-construals that potentially mediate the impact of cultural values on personal relationship processes. With regard to important and novel emerging themes and issues that are relevant to interdependence as conceived by cultural psychologists, the authors cite studies that provide limited support for the mediating role of self-construals, and the authors distinguish between relational and larger-group varieties of interdependent self-construals. Finally, with regard to new and promising directions for future research on interdependence as conceived by cultural psychologists, the authors draw upon Mead's (1934) symbolic interactionist theory in proposing ways that the respective literatures on personal relationships and cultural psychology can be integrated more fully in future research. 1

Keywords: cultural psychology, self-construals, interdependence theory, self-expansion model, symbolic interactionism

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