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date: 22 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article discusses economic theories in Jewish law as reflected in contracts written in Hebrew, in most cases deriving from Ashkenazic communities. The contracts originated from followers of R. Solomon b. Isaac, his students and their students, dating back to the thirteenth, fourteenth, and fifteenth centuries. Most of the contracts discussed are in manuscript form and have never been published. The theories are examined and the contracts compared with corresponding Sephardic contracts. The article carefully discusses economics and law as explained in Hebrew Contracts. The study of Jewish legal sources yields a fascinating picture of the struggle between vision and action, theory and practice. The article further elaborates upon the Iska partnership which is of special interest. Jewish legal literature discusses two main types of partnership. The first is a regular partnership in which both partners invest and work in the business. An analysis of guardianship and power of attorney concludes this article.

Keywords: economics, law, Hebrew contract, Hebrew, Jewish law, Iska

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