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date: 27 October 2021

Abstract and Keywords

We live in a world in which coins are still common and useful, although, with the introduction of paper money, credit cards, and, more recently, internet shopping, it is certainly possible to conceive of a commercial system without coins. This article focuses on the position of coins and money in Jewish law and literature. For over two thousand years, though, following the development of coinage in Asia Minor the association between coinage and a sophisticated international commerce was real. There were, though, great civilizations that knew nothing of coinage. The first evidence of coins in Egypt dates from the time of the Persian invasion, and coinage was not firmly established until the arrival of Alexander the Great. The article further elaborates upon the usage of coins in the Talmud and Rabbinic literature. The Talmud displays no particular interest in Jewish coins per se. An analysis of the devaluation of the currency concludes this article.

Keywords: coins, money, Asia Minor, international commerce, Alexander the Great, Talmud, Rabbinic literature

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