Abstract and Keywords
Jewish environmental ethics is the essence of this chapter. The objective of this article is to explore the philosophical foundations of sustainable development. It discusses the contending worldviews that inform our relationship with the natural world and show how they affect our understanding of the concept of sustainability. In particular, this chapter reviews the ethical assumptions that underlie anthropocentric, ecocentric, and theocentric environmentalisms. This article further reviews the ethical assumptions that underlie anthropocentric, ecocentric, and theocentric environmentalisms. Foundations of neoclassical welfare economics is explained in detail. Classical utilitarian theory allows us to construct a measure of social welfare, the total welfare of a community, by summing individual welfare measures across all the individuals in that community. Concepts like theocentric environmentalism are explained in details. It draws upon the Biblical view of man's relationship with nature. This article draws an extensive comparative study between anthropocentric environmentalism and ecocentric environmentalism.
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