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date: 22 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article focuses on the theory of efficient breach from the perspective of the Jewish law. The law and economics schools of thought have advanced a number of controversial claims in the name of economic efficiency—from promoting trading on inside information to providing markets for the sale of human organs—but none may be as provocative and challenging as the argument of entitlement and economic efficiency underlying the theory of “efficient breach.” This article explains various Jewish laws such as halakhah. Halakhah distinguishes between legal and moral norms. The distinguishing characteristic between them is enforceability. Whereas a halakhic-legal norm is enforceable by a bet din, compliance with a halakhic moral norm is dependent upon individual volition. There are two components required in the undertaking of an obligation: effectuating a kinyan and gemirat da'at. This article further elaborates upon every other clause pertaining to Jewish law and Judaism which concludes this article.

Keywords: Jewish law, economic efficiency, efficient breach, Judaism

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