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date: 11 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Feminist theorists have raised fundamental questions about how women's lives have been conceptualized and analyzed. Issues of epistemology and methodology have been interwoven into a discourse about the distorted or marginalized experiences of women. While much focus has been on the intersection of gender and sexism, the discussion of social class and classism and its influences on gender has been largely absent in the feminist literature (Leeder, 1996; Roffman, 1996). This chapter addresses the role and impact of these complex yet "mutually reinforcing processes" (Acker, 2006, p. 442) in counseling. First, it focuses on psychological theory that conceptualizes the constructs of feminism, gender, sexism, social class, and classism in women's lives. Second, it highlights psychological research that addresses the intersectionality between these components and processes. Third, it discusses the clinical literature on social class. Finally, the chapter ends with practice focused implications and directions for future research.

Keywords: feminism, women's issues, social class, classism, counseling

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