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date: 21 June 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This chapter demonstrates the double disadvantages associated with being a working-class man, who experiences the disadvantages of being poor combined with the increased health and social risks associated with being a man. Grounded in Liu's (2002) theoretical framework for social class and the gender role strain paradigm (Pleck, 1981), the chapter reviews historical articles on men and social class and contemporary research on the intersection of masculinity and social class. It discusses the interplay of masculinity and social class in the areas of health and vocational behavior. One theme that emerges is that lower social class men may perform more self-destructive and less socially acceptable performances of masculinity, whereas more economically advantaged men may perform masculinity in ways that perpetuate gender inequality but are less harmful to them and more socially acceptable. Suggestions and interventions for training, practice, and research are discussed, as well as future directions.

Keywords: men, masculinity, social class, gender role strain

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