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date: 11 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Like other forms of categorization, social class is an enduring feature of American society. While social class status has a direct bearing on access and opportunity, social stratification also carries with it a psychological component that is now receiving more attention in the literature. As such, this chapter provides a review of social class as a psychological construct and explores the intersection between social class and racial-ethnic identity. We argue that both types of social stratification have psychological implications for the individual and therefore need consideration in both identity-related research and clinical practice. Given that both social stratification and ethnic identity within the United States is often associated with inequality, we encourage ongoing attention to the psychological impact of societal oppression. In addition we highlight the intersecting nature of socially constructed identities and provide a case illustration in which to explore these dynamics from a clinical perspective.

Keywords: social class, identity, race, ethnicity, oppression

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