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date: 24 February 2020

Abstract and Keywords

In adolescence, resilience is a multifactorial process that resides in systems of relationships between the individual, family, and the community (Evans & Pinnock, 2007). Social class and socioeconomic factors are crucial determinants of health and well-being that can result in the cumulative and systematic advantaging of youth of class privilege and disadvantaging of poorer youth (APA, 2007; WHO, 2008). The ecological model of multicultural counseling psychology processes (Neville & Mobley, 2001), an extension of Bronfenbrenner's ecological model, forms the foundation of the conceptualization of adolescent resilience, risk, and social class. This chapter utilizes an intersectional approach to examine the complexity of social relations and inequities that shape social policy, values and norms, and experience of US adolescents. By conceptualizing resilience, risk, and social class within an ecological model, a more comprehensive understanding of adolescent development is gained.

Keywords: social class, adolescents, resilience, risk, ecological model

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