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date: 11 May 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Counseling and psychology researchers have been increasingly called to attend to social class and related constructs (e.g., classism) as important variables in research. This chapter discusses the importance of attending to and considering social class in all stages of the research process (e.g., documenting participant characteristics, and studying social class as a targeted variable). The chapter reviews social class measurement issues, and provides guidance on the strengths and limitations of selecting various operational definitions of social class and related constructs. Finally, more general issues of methodology and research design are discussed when incorporating these constructs into counseling research. The chapter concludes by calling for researchers to be more mindful about carefully measuring and incorporating social class into future research, and to conduct more research on and theorization of social class and related variables.

Keywords: social class, methodology, measurement, research, classism

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