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date: 18 January 2021

Abstract and Keywords

This article examines how biotechnology can be used to ensure a sustainable human future by address global problems such as human population growth, pollution, climate change, and limited access to clean water and other basic food production resources. It first considers the argument that rejects human technologies and industrial agriculture in favor of an approach that promotes a return to Mother Nature, along with the consequences of this perspective. It then turns to a discussion of popular misconceptions about the existence of a natural “species barrier” that prevents genes from moving from one species to another. It also provides a historical overview of agriculture before concluding with an evaluation of modern technologies that can sustain humans, particularly genetic engineering and biotechnology and their potential to address hunger and poverty.

Keywords: biotechnology, population growth, pollution, agriculture, Mother Nature, species barrier, genes, genetic engineering, hunger, poverty, naturalistic fallacy.

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