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date: 26 August 2019

(p. xi) Contributors

(p. xi) Contributors

Jóhanna Barðdal is a Research Associate Professor at the University of Bergen. She has worked on case marking, oblique subjects, grammatical relations, constructional semantics, and syntactic productivity in a synchronic and diachronic perspective. Her last book Productivity: Evidence from Case and Argument Structure in Icelandic was published by Benjamins in 2008. She has published articles in Nordic Journal of Linguistics, Journal of Linguistics, Language, Morphology, Linguistics, Lingua, and Diachronica. She is a founding coeditor of the Journal of Historical Linguistics. She is currently running a large research project on noncanonical subject marking in the early and archaic Indo-European languages, funded by the University of Bergen, Bergen Research Foundation, and the Norwegian Research Council.

Giulia M. L. Bencini is Assistant Professor in the Communication Sciences Program at the Hunter College Brookdale Health Sciences campus. She obtained her Ph.D. in linguistics from the University of Illinois in 2002 and after that worked as a National Institute of Health funded postdoctoral research fellow at the Language Acquisition Research Center, at Hunter College-CUNY. She is an expert in psycholinguistics and combines insights and methods from linguistic theory, psycholinguistics, and language pathology in her work.

Benjamin Bergen (Ph.D. 2001, UC Berkeley) is Associate Professor in the Cognitive Science Department at the University of California, San Diego, where he directs the Language and Cognition Lab. His research focuses on language comprehension, production, and learning, and has appeared in journals such as Language, Cognitive Linguistics, Cognitive Science, Brain and Language, Memory and Cognition, and the Journal of Child Language. He is also the author of a forthcoming book on mental simulation and meaning, to be published by Basic Books.

Hans C. Boas is an Associate Professor in the Department of Linguistics and the Department of Germanic Studies at the University of Texas at Austin. Before coming to Austin, he was a postdoctoral researcher with the FrameNet project ( at the International Computer Science Institute in Berkeley, California. His publications include two monographs: A Constructional Approach to Resultatives (CSLI Publications, 2003) and The Life and Death of Texas German (Duke University Press, 2009), as well as four (co-)edited volumes and various articles on Construction Grammar and Frame Semantics. He is the director of the Texas German Dialect Project ( and the recipient (p. xii) of the 2007 Hugo Moser Prize for Germanic Linguistics (Institute for the German Language, Mannheim), as well as the 2011 Leonard Bloomfield Book Award (Linguistic Society of America).

Geert Booij is Professor of Linguistics at the University of Leiden. He obtained his Ph.D. from the University of Amsterdam, where he later worked as Professor of General Linguistics. His main research interest is morphology and its interfaces with phonology, syntax, semantics, and the lexicon. His major publications include The Phonology of Dutch (1995), Morphology: An International Handbook of Inflection and Word Formation, 2 vols. (with Ch. Lehmann and J. Mugdan, eds., 2000–2), The Morphology of Dutch (2002), The Grammar of Words: An Introduction to Linguistic Morphology (2007) and Construction Morphology (2010). Moreover, he is one of the founders and editors of the Yearbook of Morphology (1988–2005) and its successor, the journal Morphology.

Cristiano Broccias is an Associate Professor of English Language at the University of Genoa (Italy). His research focuses on cognitive theories of grammar, English syntax and phonology, both synchronic and diachronic. His publications include a monograph on English change constructions (The English Change Network: Forcing Changes into Schemas, 2003) and various papers on resultative constructions, simultaneity constructions, -ly adverbs, and cognitive approaches to grammar.

Joan L. Bybee (B.A. University of Texas, 1966; M.A. San Diego State University, 1970; Ph. D., Linguistics, UCLA, 1973) was on the faculty at the State University of New York at Buffalo from 1973 to 1989 and is now Distinguished Professor Emerita of the Department of Linguistics at the University of New Mexico, where she has served as department chair, associate dean, and director of the 1995 LSA Linguistic Institute. Bybee's research interests include theoretical issues in phonology and morphology, language universals, and linguistic change. Her work utilizing large crosslinguistic databases, e.g. Morphology: A Study of the Relation between Meaning and Form (1985), The Evolution of Grammar: Tense, Aspect and Modality in the Languages of the World (with Revere Perkins and William Pagliuca, 1994), provides diachronic explanations for typological phenomena. In addition, her books presenting a usage-based perspective on synchrony and diachrony include Phonology and Language Use (2001), Frequency of Use and the Organization of Language (2007), and Language, Usage and Cognition (2010).

Bert Cappelle is a Lecturer of English Linguistics at the University of Lille Nord de France. He has published a range of journal articles and book chapters on verb-particle constructions in English. In addition, he has collaborated on research projects in the core grammar areas of tense, aspect, and modality. His longer-standing research interests include the linguistic representation of motion and change of state, and the tension between convention and innovation in language use.

Nancy Chang is a Postdoctoral Researcher at the Université Sorbonne Nouvelle (Paris 3), combining computational and developmental perspectives on the emergence (p. xiii) of grammar. She has previously been a researcher at the University of California at Berkeley, where she earned her doctorate in 2008, and Sony Computer Science Laboratory in Paris. In current work she is extending previous models of computational construction grammar, simulation semantics, and usage-based grammar learning to encompass more complex argument structure and aspectual constructions.

William Croft is Professor of Linguistics at the University of New Mexico. He received his Ph.D. from Stanford University in 1986 and—besides numerous visiting positions across the world—worked at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, as well as the University of Manchester. His main research interests are typology, semantics, cognitive linguistics, construction grammar, and language change. He has published widely on these topics in internationally-renowned peer-reviewed journals and has authored seminal books such as Explaining Language Change: An Evolutionary Approach (2000), Radical Construction Grammar: Syntactic Theory in Typological Perspective (2001), Typology and Universals (2003), Cognitive Linguistics (with D. A. Cruse 2004).

Holger Diessel is Professor for English Linguistics at the University of Jena. After his Ph.D. from the State University of New York at Buffalo in 1998, he worked as a junior researcher at the Max-Planck-Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig in the department of comparative and developmental psychology until he was offered the professorship at the University of Jena. He is an expert on language acquisition and his main research interest is in the relationship between the use and structure of complex sentences and the psychological and linguistic foundations for a usage-based theory of grammar. He is on the editorial board of Cognitive Linguistics and Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory and a consulting editor of Studies in Language.

Nick Ellis is Professor of Psychology, Professor of Linguistics, Research Scientist at the English Language Institute, and Associate at the Center for the Study of Complex Systems, University of Michigan. His interests include language acquisition, cognition, emergentism, corpus linguistics, cognitive linguistics, and psycholinguistics. His linguistic research concerns (1) explicit and implicit language learning and their interface, (2) usage-based acquisition and statistical learning, (3) vocabulary and phraseology, and (4) learned attention and language transfer. His emergentist research concerns language as a complex adaptive system, networks analysis of language, scale-free linguistic distributions and robust learning, and computational modeling. He serves as General Editor of Language Learning.

Charles J. Fillmore is Professor Emeritus of Linguistics at the University of California at Berkeley, and director of the FrameNet project at the International Computer Science Institute, also in Berkeley. His writings have included contributions to generative syntax (1963), the introduction of a grammatical framework in which semantic roles (‘deep cases’) were central (1968), the recognition of the importance of deictic elements in linguistic descriptions (1971/1997), suggestions (p. xiv) for founding lexical meanings on ‘semantic frames’ (1982, 1985), and associated contributions to practical lexicography (1992, with B. T. S. Atkins), and contributions to a grammatical theory based on constructions (1988 and present volume), with several colleagues. He was named Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1984, and he served as President of the Linguistic Society of America in 1990.

Mirjam Fried is Professor of Linguistics at the Charles University Prague. She obtained her Ph.D. in General Linguistics from the University of California at Berkeley and has taught at several American universities (UC Berkeley, University of Oregon, Princeton University). Her research focuses on the cognitive and functional grounding of linguistic structure, particularly in morphosyntax (e.g. case marking alternations, subordination, gradient categoriality, interaction between morphological structure and syntax in language change).

Adele E. Goldberg is currently a Professor of Linguistics at Princeton University. Her work investigates our knowledge of language and how that knowledge is learned and constrained by domain-general processes such as categorization, rational inferences, and social cognition. She is particularly interested in constructions, learned pairings of form and function at the word and phrasal level. She is the author of Constructions: A Construction Grammar Approach to Argument Structure (1995) and Constructions at Work: The Nature of Generalization in Language (2006), as well as numerous experimental and theoretical studies.

Stefan Th. Gries is Professor of Linguistics at the University of California, Santa Barbara, as well as Honorary Liebig Professor at the Justus-Liebig-Universität Giessen. Theoretically, he is a cognitively and Construction Grammar oriented linguist in the wider sense of seeking explanations in terms of cognitive processes; methodologically, he is a quantitative corpus linguist at the intersection of corpus, cognitive, computational, and quantitative linguistics. He is founding editor-in-chief of the international peer-reviewed journal Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory, associate editor of Cognitive Linguistics, and on the editorial boards of CogniTextes, Constructions and Frames, Corpora, Language and Cognition, and others.

martin hilpert is a Junior Research Fellow at the Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies (FRIAS). His research interests include grammaticalization, Construction Grammar, and cognitive linguistics. Martin approaches these topics with the tools and methods of corpus linguistics. His monograph on Germanic Future Constructions (John Benjamins, 2008) documents change in the domain of future time reference across several languages and constructions. He is currently working on a project that works out the notion of constructional change in more detail.

Thomas Hoffmann is Assistant Professor at the University of Osnabrück. His main research interests are usage-based Construction Grammar, synchronic syntactic variation, and World Englishes. He has published articles in international journals such as Cognitive Linguistics, English World-Wide, and Corpus Linguistics (p. xv) and Linguistic Theory, and his monograph Preposition Placement in English (2011) was published by Cambridge University Press. On top of that, he is also editor of the open acess on-line journal Constructions.

Willem B. Hollmann has been a Lecturer in Linguistics at Lancaster University since 2003. His publications include articles in Cognitive Linguistics on summary vs. sequential scanning (2007) and cognitive sociolinguistics and Lancashire dialect (2011). He has published on Lancashire dialect grammar elsewhere as well, e.g. in English Language and Linguistics (2007). He has edited (with Anna Siewierska) a special issue of Functions of Language on ditransitive constructions, to which he contributed a paper as well (2007). One of the things he is working on currently is the role of phonological and distributional cues in lexical categorization. One paper on this topic will appear in a special issue of Studies in Language, which he is editing with Nikolas Gisborne.

Ray Jackendoff is Seth Merrin Professor of Philosophy and Co-Director of the Center for Cognitive Studies at Tufts University. He was the 2003 recipient of the Jean Nicod Prize in Cognitive Philosophy and has been President of both the Linguistic Society of America and the Society for Philosophy and Psychology. His most recent books are Foundations of Language (Oxford, 2002), Simpler Syntax (with Peter Culicover, Oxford, 2005), Language, Consciousness, Culture (MIT Press, 2007), Meaning and the Lexicon (Oxford, 2010), and A User's Guide to Thought and Meaning (Oxford, 2011).

Paul Kay is Professor of Linguistics Emeritus at the University of California, Berkeley, Consulting Professor of Linguistics at Stanford University, and Senior Research Scientist at the International Computer Science Institute, Berkeley. He has worked on the relation of color naming to the psychological representation of color, on constructional approaches to grammar, on the context sensitivity of grammar, and on language variation and other topics in linguistics and anthropological linguistics. He is currently working with Ivan Sag, Charles Fillmore, and Laura Michaelis-Cummings on the development of Sign-Based Construction Grammar, and with Terry Regier, Li-Hai Tan, Michael A. Webster, and others on seeking explanation for universals and cross-language variation in color naming and on the effect of color names on color processing.

Jaakko Leino is Professor of Finnish at the University of Helsinki. He has worked as coordinator of the Finnish graduate school for language studies, Langnet, as Professor of Finnish at the University of Jyväskylä and at the Åbo Akademi University, as Lecturer of General Linguistics at the University of Helsinki, and as researcher at the Research Institute for the Languages of Finland. He has published on Finnish historical syntax, cognitive dimensions of the Construction Grammar framework, diachrony and variation in Construction Grammar, nonfinite constructions, word order, analytical causatives, and the syntax of spoken language, Finnish dialect syntax in particular. (p. xvi)

Laura A. Michaelis is an Associate Professor in the Department of Linguistics and a faculty fellow in the Institute of Cognitive Science at the University of Colorado at Boulder. She is also a founding member of the editorial staff of the new Mouton journal Language and Cognition. She is the author of Aspectual Grammar and Past-Time Reference (1998) and Beyond Alternations: A Constructional Model of the German Applicative Pattern (2001), with Josef Ruppenhofer. She is the co-editor, with Elaine Francis, of Mismatch: Form-Function Incongruity and the Architecture of Grammar (2003). She is currently at work on a book that explores nonstandard grammatical patterns in English conversational speech. This work, tentatively entitled, Construction Grammar and Syntactic Innovation, will be published by Oxford University Press. Along with numerous handbooks and volumes, her work has appeared in the journals Language, Journal of Semantics, Journal of Pragmatics, Journal of Linguistics, Lingua, Linguistics and Philosophy, Linguistics and Studies in Language.

Jan-ola Östman is Professor of Scandinavian Languages in the Department of Finnish, Finno-Ugrian and Scandinavian Studies at the University of Helsinki. He has an M.A. in linguistics from Reading University (1976), and a Ph.D. in linguistics from University of California, Berkeley (1986). Since 1988 he has held various positions at the University of Helsinki (including Associate Professor of English Linguistics, Acting Professor of General Linguistics, and Professor of English Philology). Since 2006 he has also worked as Professor II of Scandinavian languages at the University of Tromsø, Norway. His main research interests are the role of discourse and general pragmatic issues in Construction Grammar, as well as variability and contact-induced change.

Friedemann Pulvermüller worked as Programme Leader at the MRC Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit, Cambridge; recently he accepted the position of Professor of Neuroscience of Language and Pragmatics at the Freie Universität Berlin. He discovered that the brain discriminates early between meaningful words and senseless pseudowords, and between grammatical and semantic word kinds; he also reported early brain activation patterns indicating the meaning of words and sentences. He has published four books and over 200 articles, putting forward the first neurobiological model of language integrating neurobiological principles with linguistic theory and offering mechanistic nerve cell circuits underpinning language in the human brain. Neuroscience insights were brought to fruit by his work in the development of new treatment procedures for patients with post-stroke aphasia.

Yury Shtyrov is Professor, Senior Scientist, and the Head of MEG Laboratory at the Medical Research Council's Cognition and Brain Sciences Unit in Cambridge and currently also a co-director of the Cognitive Brain Research Unit at the University of Helsinki. His research in the field of cognitive neuroscience is centered on investigating neurophysiological dynamics of language processing in the human brain. His particular contribution to this area is in describing early and automatic (p. xvii) stages of neural language processing and in establishing functional parallelism for the neural processing of different linguistic information types. He has authored and co-authored dozens of articles in leading neuroscientific journals and book chapters.

Luc Steels is ICREA Research Professor at the Institute for Evolutionary Biology (CSIC, UPF). He studied linguistics at the University of Antwerp (Belgium) and computer science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (USA). In 1983 he became a professor of computer science at the University of Brussels (VUB) and co-founded the VUB Computer Science Department (Faculty of Sciences). He also founded the Sony Computer Science Laboratory in Paris in 1996 and served as its first director. His main research field is Artificial Intelligence, and he currently focuses on theories of the origins and evolution of language using computer simulations and robotic experiments to discover and test them.

Anatol Stefanowitsch (Ph.D. 2001) is Professor of English Linguistics at the University of Hamburg. He received his Ph.D. from Rice University, Houston, Texas, and was Professor of English and General Linguistics at the University of Bremen before taking his current position. His major research interests include construction grammar, metaphor, and quantitative corpus linguistics, with special emphasis on associations between lexical items and other elements of syntactic and semantic structure. He has published a number of papers on collostructional analysis (many of them co-authored with Stefan Th. Gries) and was a founding editor of the journal Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory.

Graeme Trousdale is a Senior Lecturer at the University of Edinburgh. With Nikolas Gisborne, he edited Constructional Approaches to English Grammar (de Gruyter, 2008). He has published a number of journal articles and book chapters on constructional approaches to variation and change in English, and is currently working on a book on constructionalization with Elizabeth Closs Traugott. He is also the author of An Introduction to English Sociolinguistics (EUP, 2010).

Stefanie Wulff is Assistant Professor at the University of Florida. After her Ph.D. (University of Bremen), she first worked as a visiting scholar and later as a lecturer at the University of California at Santa Barbara, as well as a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the University of Michigan and an Assistant Professor at the University of North Texas. Her main research interests are usage-based cognitive linguistic variation (including issues such as lexico-syntactic vs. constructional, as well as dialectal variation) and second language acquisition. She has published widely in international journals such as Corpus Linguistics and Linguistic Theory, Corpora and International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, co-edited the volume Corpus Linguistic Applications: Current Studies, New Directions (with Stefan Gries and Mark Davis, 2009) and is the author of Rethinking Idiomaticity: A Usage-based Approach (2008). (p. xviii)