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date: 03 June 2020

(p. 579) General index

(p. 579) General index

adjunct 77, 84, 87, 119, 210, 226, 228, 238, 242, 321, 499–502
affix 17, 43, 75–76, 78, 83, 85, 88, 90, 92, 162, 193, 259–60, 262, 264–65, 355, 403, 416
affix substitution 264
affixoids 259–60
alienability 232, 505–6
analogy, analogical 33, 46, 433–4
aspect 23, 81, 105, 123, 181, 228, 230, 261, 286, 300–2, 326, 389, 425, 427, 463, 468
as-predicative 103, 302
assemblies of neurons 398, 415
association 4, 7, 19, 39, 49–50, 55, 63–5, 67–8, 94, 99, 103, 105, 107, 150, 156, 165, 185, 192, 194, 282, 288–9, 291–2, 294, 296, 298, 303–4, 306, 322, 371, 373, 422, 430, 480, 483
associative learning from usage 368, 405, 410
Berkeley Construction Grammar 5, 94, 96, 111–3, 115, 117, 119, 121, 123, 125, 127, 129, 131, 133, 242, 248, 306, 308, 312, 339
bipolar structure 7, 174, 192
bound morpheme 256, 258, 268–9, 350
categorization 4, 16, 49, 50–2, 64–5, 68, 100, 103, 119, 173, 192, 194–95, 201, 206, 238, 242, 244, 364, 366–7, 369, 374, 380, 388–9, 423, 450, 488, 494
coercion 82–3, 147–8, 164, 167, 237, 327
cognition 17, 26, 51, 378
coining/coinage 4, 28, 33–5, 38–41, 43–4, 46, 48, 84, 87, 131, 264, 428
collexeme 9, 100, 288, 291–3, 321, 373, 472–3, 483
co-varying 9, 100, 288
distinctive 9, 100, 291, 295–303, 472–3, 483
simple 9, 291–2, 294, 296–9
collocation(s) 18, 26, 38–9, 65, 99, 101, 103, 128, 225, 281, 287–8, 290–1, 295, 298, 420, 428, 451, 454, 461, 464, 466, 472
collocational change 461, 464
collostruction(al) 9, 62, 99–100, 103–5, 288, 290–6, 298–306, 316, 373, 477, 483–4, 489
complete inheritance 308, 314, 325, 327
complex systems 163, 378
compositional, compositionality 8–9, 101, 276, 280–3, 285–6, 423, 436, 439
computation 98, 170, 289, 366, 385–6, 393, 401–2, 406
computational modeling xiii
computational implementation 7, 169
configural frequency analysis 301
connectionist model 106
constituency 6, 76, 80, 113, 186, 203, 217, 224, 487
construal 16, 30, 51, 80, 117, 185, 199, 207, 217, 237, 241, 248, 375, 495–7, 508
constructicon 1, 3, 8, 186, 193, 253, 256–73, 275, 277, 279, 281, 283, 285, 289, 291, 295, 297, 299, 301, 303, 305, 310, 312, 314, 318, 320, 322, 324, 326, 328, 330, 332, 334, 336, 338, 340, 342, 344 , 278, 280, 286–8, 293, 307–8, 315–6, 321, 327, 412, 439, 452–3, 456
construction frequency 11, 87, 234, 368
construction learning 266, 375, 502
constructional analyzer 188
constructional map 428, 433–4
constructional polysemy 246, 251
constructional role 231
constructional schema 205–6, 261–3, 270, 465
constructionalization 421, 424, 428–9, 433
(p. 580) contingency of form-function mapping 368, 373
control 102, 123, 161, 172, 174–5, 178, 386, 468
conventional unit 193–4, 209, 218
conventionality 193–4
conversational implicature 37, 56
conversion 269–70, 390
corpus linguistics 11, 99, 107–8, 366, 459
corpus/corpora 95, 97–8, 100, 104, 106, 294, 304, 366, 377, 458–9, 461–2, 466, 468–9, 474–5, 481, 484, 490
British National Corpus (BNC) 35, 47, 60, 279, 462, 475, 481, 490
Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA) 60, 274, 277
IDS corpora 467
International Corpus of English (ICE-GB) 292, 315, 483
Lancaster-Oslo-Bergen Corpus (LOB) xix
PPCEME (The Penn Parsed Corpus of Early Modern English) 475, 461
PPCME2 (The Penn Parsed Corpus of Middle English) 475
SPRÅKBANKEN (various Swedish corpora) 475
TIME (The Time Magazine –from the 1920s to the 2000s) 57, 60, 64, 69
YCOE (The York-Toronto-Helsinki Parsed Corpus of Old English Prose) 475
YORK (Sali Tagliamonte's Corpus of York English) 475
YPC (The York-Helsinki Parsed Corpus of Old English Poetry) 475
correspondence principle 237–8
co-text 433
creativity 28, 35, 396
crosslinguistic generalization 15, 23, 30, 91, 213, 220
cue 98–9, 181, 304–5, 315, 368, 371, 372–3, 487
availability 304–5
reliability 305
validity 98–9, 304–5
culture 57, 299, 378, 484, 507
dative, prepositional 103, 108, 181, 294, 296–7, 321, 367, 382, 385–7, 389, 392–3, 480–1
declarative clause 308–10, 313, 317
default inheritance 8, 18, 21–3, 84, 138, 243, 257, 328, 479
definite article reduction (DAR) 503, 505, 507
derivation 3, 4, 6, 43, 71, 73, 77, 133, 139, 144, 162, 240, 269, 428
denominal verbs 43, 85, 89
deverbal nouns 85
determiner-noun agreement 408
discrete combinatorial neuronal assemblies (DCNAs) 403–6, 410–4, 416
distributional analysis 7, 213–4, 216–17, 219, 224, 230–1, 368
do-support 75, 79, 313–4
elaboration 195, 201–2, 468–9
embodiment 374, 378, 400, 410, 416
emergence, emergent 170, 415
emergent grammar 194
entrenchment 4, 21, 51, 55–6, 193, 247, 258, 278, 304, 306, 314, 319, 328, 348, 360, 368–9, 377, 459, 479, 483
ergative language 25, 220
exemplar theory 64, 68
expletive infixation 84
feature structures 6, 43, 112, 118, 132, 135–6, 138–40, 142–4, 150–2, 154, 188, 311
Fisher-Yates test 291, 296, 325
formalization 7, 29, 133, 147, 167, 190, 248–50, 479
frame 6, 45, 131, 140, 147, 149, 196, 206, 227, 235, 237, 242, 250, 298, 305, 335, 343, 353–5, 370, 388, 390, 412, 420, 430, 445, 448, 450, 452, 486
Frame Semantics 6, 232, 235, 250, 452
FrameNet 6, 12, 249–50, 486
frequency/frequencies 60, 102, 105, 248, 279, 281, 291, 295–6, 298, 304–5, 369, 459, 461, 463–4, 466–7
fronting 130, 524
full entry theory 257
fusion 236–8, 241, 411, 467
future 10, 22, 63, 65–7, 100, 105, 107, 189, 208, 214, 246, 284, 288, 296, 302–3, 316, 327, 366, 377–8, 420, 424–7, 442, 463, 467, 473, 502
going to 63, 296, 302, 424–27, 463, 467
shall 100, 303, 473
will 66, 296, 302
garden path effects 319
gestalt 175–6, 182, 199, 217, 226, 228–9, 494
gradience 423, 489
gradient 50, 328, 413, 419, 436
gradualness 419, 425, 428, 436
grammatical classes 7, 193, 197–8, 201, 385
grammatical theory 34, 290–91, 300, 303, 306, 326
Cognitive Grammar 7–8, 71–2, 75, 92, 191–210, 248, 306, 314, 491
Generalized Phrase-Structure Grammar (GPSG) 135
Head-driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG) 6, 92, 133, 135, 212
Lexical Functional Grammar (LFG) 71, 212
Mainstream generative grammar (MGG) 318
Role and Reference Grammar (RRG) 212
Unification Grammar 135, 154
Word Grammar 224, 250, 477–9, 492
grammaticalization 11, 55–6, 63–6, 99, 260, 283, 379, 419–27, 434–6, 460–3, 469, 489, 497, 504
head features 118, 128
head-direction parameter 24
hierarchical lexicon 256–7, 260, 266, 273
host-class expansion 446, 469, 471
hypoanalysis 269
iconicity 242, 505–6
identity 19, 35, 128–9, 175, 183–4, 196, 200, 214, 327, 466, 488, 502, 507–9
idioms/idiomaticity 100–1, 279, 285–7, 289
decoding idioms 176
encoding idioms 276
formal idioms 277
substantive idioms 308
imperative clause 309–10
indexation 220, 225–6, 228
inflection 135, 228, 244, 265, 267, 369, 389, 428
information structure 9, 16, 29, 71–2, 98, 239, 329–35, 337, 339–43, 380–1, 486
inheritance 6, 8, 15, 18, 21–3, 43, 70, 79–82, 84–5, 87, 90, 134, 136–8, 144, 146, 176, 180, 219, 239, 243–6, 251, 257, 308, 312, 314, 325, 327–8, 442, 456, 479
hierarchy 18, 21–2, 43, 79–81, 84–5, 87, 136, 243
link 21, 246
type-based 134
instance relation 144
subpart relation 144
input frequency 314–15, 320, 368–9
instantiation 6, 75, 92, 125, 127, 195, 389
interface 5, 7, 16, 71–3, 90, 150, 171, 173, 175, 182, 249, 290, 333, 492, 509
interface rules 5, 71–73, 90
interrogative clause 128, 309–10
intersubjectivity 494
introspection 5, 100
island constraints 25, 318
item-specific instances 248
Lancashire 12, 97, 480–2, 493, 502–3, 505–7
Languages
Avestan 451, 453–54, 456
Batsbi 266
Chinese 25, 259–62
Finnish 97, 238, 340, 344, 352, 442, 479
French 27, 66, 97, 118, 238–9, 322, 331–2, 335, 344, 353, 454, 464, 467
Gothic 445, 451, 457
Hungarian 1, 271
Indonesian 261, 443, 450
Italian 207, 263, 267
Kabyle 341, 344
Latvian 451
Japanese 12, 79, 338, 262–3, 322, 386, 438, 444–5
Persian 22, 24
Polish 263
Russian 97, 265, 275, 302, 317, 438, 445, 457
Old Church Slavic 440, 451
Old English xx, 440, 445, 450–51, 456, 470, 475
Old Irish 440, 451
Old Saxon 451
Old High German 445, 451, 467
Old Norse-Icelandic 443–5, 450–1, 456–7
Saami 266
learned attention 366
link 21–2, 76, 125, 145, 156, 159, 183, 225–6, 234, 245–6, 251, 328, 333, 360, 364, 392, 394, 403–4, 407–8, 411–13, 415
inheritance 21, 246
instance 245–46
polysemy 246
subpart 145, 245
linking/valence completion 119, 122, 132
locality 6, 136, 138, 146
locative alternation 20, 241
maximality feature 118, 128, 131, 147
mental simulation 7, 105
metaphor 39, 51, 188–189, 242, 280, 293, 461, 464, 470
metaphor(ical) 19, 22, 39, 77, 207–8, 246, 251, 283, 293–4, 297, 302, 470–1
metaphorical extension 246, 251
metaphysical commitments 211–12
metonymy 242, 461, 470
mini-construction 238–39
modifier 77, 82, 202–3, 210, 259, 432, 460, 482–3
morphology 8, 31, 44, 48, 74–5, 84–5, 88–9, 138, 149, 156, 193–4, 247, 255–7, 259, 261, 263–9, 271–3, 315, 339, 380, 429, 443, 448, 450, 460, 477, 486
(p. 583) verb-to-noun derivation 43
morphophonemic change 11, 461, 466
morphosyntactic change 461
motivation 20, 55, 242–3, 249, 251, 281, 377, 381, 384, 390, 428, 434–5
multivariate analysis 464, 499, 505
multiword-expressions 281
network 3–4, 8, 10, 15, 18, 21, 27, 106, 132, 138, 161, 194, 219–22, 224, 239, 244, 310, 313–15, 320, 322–3, 327, 349–51, 357, 363–4, 370, 302, 305, 415, 421, 427, 433, 435, 459–60, 471, 478, 482
multiple-inheritance 138
neurobiological embodiment 410
neuronal circuitry 400
object raising 80
paradigmatic relationship 256
participant role 236–8
particle 12, 81, 271–3, 283, 289, 292, 321, 389, 403, 493, 498–99, 506
placement 12, 321, 389, 493, 489–99, 506
verb 271–2, 389
past tense 66, 75, 88, 183, 245, 265, 302, 344, 369, 503, 505
pattern of coining 34–5, 37, 40–2, 46, 48, 131
Performance-Grammar Correspondence Hypothesis 320, 328
phonological information 151, 240, 380
phrase structure rules 76, 78, 83
phraseology 367–8
pied-piping 9, 86, 308, 319–21, 323–4
pied-piped preposition 86
possessive 26, 222, 270, 302, 322
posture verb(s) 302, 468
pragmatics 16, 24, 52, 55, 64, 131, 240, 334, 378, 477, 485–6, 494
prefabricated phrases (‘prefabs’) 18, 26, 65
preposition stranding 308, 319–21, 323
Principle
Principle of Maximized Economy 243
Principle of Maximized Expressive Power 243
Principle of Maximized Motivation 243
processing
Avoid Competing Subcategorizor principle 319
constraints 328, 387
Valency Completeness principle 319–20
profile 60, 197–202, 210, 284–5, 370
propositional structure 71
prototypes 195, 197, 245, 299, 372, 422, 436, 494
prototypicality of meaning 368, 372
pseudo-coordination 468
psycholinguistic(s) 3, 7, 9–10, 96, 100, 108, 186, 188, 208, 248, 280, 283, 289, 303–6, 309, 350, 368, 373, 379, 381, 383, 385–8, 391, 393–6, 399
quantifier 36, 92, 149, 261, 352
Radical Construction Grammar 7, 93, 197, 203, 209, 211–19, 221, 223–7, 229–31, 248, 306, 308, 311, 314, 422, 425
recency 54, 368, 370
reduction 56–7, 65, 99, 170, 240, 402, 467, 503, 505–8
redundancy 248, 368, 372
reduplication 34, 91, 260–1, 273
reference transfer 5, 82–3
referent 18, 83, 126, 162, 183, 207, 226, 277, 283, 331, 335–9, 343, 363, 382, 386, 401, 498
relative clause 57, 227, 229, 231, 286, 308–10, 321–3, 344, 363, 369
relative frequency 89, 459, 461, 463, 469, 506
representational commitments 212, 215, 224, 230
rules (verb and noun) 2, 5, 46, 48, 52, 71–4, 76, 78, 83, 87–8, 90, 112–13, 120, 122, 125, 132, 134, 138, 144, 151, 157, 193–4, 203, 217–8, 226, 234, 238, 246, 264, 275, 348, 352, 375, 399–400, 402, 405–8, 413–16, 441
scalar reading 36
scanning 198–9, 208
second language acquisition 3, 233, 291, 303, 309, 365–7, 369–71, 373, 375, 377, 489
semiological function 192
sequence detectors 402, 404–5, 412, 414, 416
Sign Principle 142, 151
Sign-Based Construction Grammar 6, 43, 45, 94, 116, 133, 135, 137, 139, 141, 143, 145, 147, 149, 151, 154, 248, 306, 308, 311, 318, 387, 456
significance test 291, 368
sluice-stranding 44, 86, 91
sociolinguistics 467, 479, 491–3, 495, 497, 499, 501–3, 505, 507–9
specificity 10, 16, 18, 27, 65, 161, 139, 405, 412, 500–2
speech acts 239, 351, 363
statistical learning 366, 368
statistical preemption 28
statistics, statistical 9, 108, 304–5
subject-auxiliary inversion (SAI) 243
subjectivity 572
subject-verb agreement 124, 307–8, 310–12
subregularities 17, 244
surface structure 15, 20, 389
symbolic complexity 193–4
synonymy 159, 243, 575
taxonomic hierarchy 219, 244–5
taxonomic organization 150
tense 26, 66, 75, 79, 88, 123, 143, 183, 229, 245, 265, 267, 275, 284, 286, 290, 302, 310, 326, 344, 369, 371–3, 389, 425, 427, 429–30, 432, 434, 466, 503, 505
text frequency 11, 461
trajector/landmark alignment 197, 202
type 4, 28, 30, 39, 44–45, 48, 52, 59–64, 67, 68, 75, 77, 88, 92, 96, 99, 106, 113, 117, 119, 121, 124–5, 128, 134–6, 138–42, 144–6, 148–9, 152, 162, 164, 174, 178–80, 183, 195, 207, 223, 226–7, 229, 235, 241–2, 246–9, 256–63, 266, 269, 287, 297, 311, 314–6, 319–21, 323–4, 331–2, 338, 343, 353, 355, 369–70, 375, 405, 407, 413, 416, 449–50, 453, 459, 461, 464, 469, 471, 478, 480, 482, 485–8, 501–2, 507
type and token frequency 4, 63, 319, 369
type constraints 6, 135, 138, 183
type frequency 28, 52, 59–64, 68, 92, 223, 247–8, 258, 311, 315, 319–20, 369, 459, 464
underspecification 152, 424, 436
unary branching construction 138, 147–8, 152
unification 6, 76, 112–15, 129, 135, 137, 148, 154, 159, 188, 241–2, 339
Universal Grammar 3, 348, 389
universals 23, 213, 222, 231
verbatim memory 28
Weighted R 9, 281, 283, 288
wh-word 29, 35, 86, 124, 320
Word-and-Paradigm model 265
Zipfian distribution 368–9