Abstract and Keywords
The topic of peer relations is a hotspot in contemporary developmental psychology. However the specific foci of research in that area vary under different viewpoints over development. Here we look at peer relations from the perspective of potential development and with the purpose of guiding self-development. Thus, the researcher is not merely concerned the relationship between peer interaction and self-development, but also emphasizes its significant value in analyzing individuals’ developmental status. As an individual usually externalizes his/her inner world in peer interaction, peer relations provide a principle way to study the development of self-identity through analysis of the changes in peer interaction. Our investigations in Chinese primary and middle schools also revealed that the organized peer relations (which are called Jiti in China) was imbued with driving force for self transcendence. The activities carried out in Jiti provided students with creative opportunities to develop their potential, based on which the school cultural ecology was constructed.
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