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date: 11 April 2021

Abstract and Keywords

Abstract There is an increasing awareness of inequities in cancer outcomes for marginalized populations. A great number of these health disparities arise in the context of adverse psychosocial conditions. Thus, there is a need to focus on the psychosocial context in which disparities arise. In this chapter, we first introduce our readers to some key factors that make our work in this area imperative. Second, we present an overview of breast and cervical cancer disparities and the main factors that influence screening in medically underserved populations. Third, given the need to anchor prevention efforts in the communities in which disparities arise, as well as the need to involve community participants in the design and implementation of prevention programs, we describe the community readiness model. Finally, we discuss the use of lay health advisors as a community-based intervention that has been widely used to increase cancer screening rates in medically underserved populations.

Keywords: breast cancer, cervical cancer, community intervention, Latinas, health disparities, community readiness

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