Abstract and Keywords
This article examines the relationship between Islam and politics in Southeast Asia. It first outlines the various factors that frame Islam and politics in the Muslim world of Southeast Asia. These include a strong co-identity of Islam and ethnicity, high level of syncretism among Muslims in Southeast Asia, and weak electoral support for radical Islam. It then analyzes the interaction of Islam and politics in Indonesia and Malaysia. Three areas are considered: the role of national leadership, the role of Islamic political parties, and religious issues in the political arena. Next, the article looks at the political role played by Islamic minorities. The focus is on Muslim communities in Myanmar-Burma, the Philippines, Thailand, and Singapore.
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