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date: 23 May 2022

Abstract and Keywords

This article examines the relationship between Islam and politics in the Maghreb region of North Africa (Algeria, Libya, Morocco, and Tunisia) in the postcolonial era. It addresses issues such as the role of Islam in national identity and its relationship to the nation-state, the reformist and the revolutionary tendencies inspired by Islam in the region, the interaction between the state and Islam, and the various manifestations of Islam in national political dynamics. These issues are addressed within the context of (1) the nationalist struggle for independence, (2) the postindependence “nationalization” of religion, (3) the rise of grassroots Islam, (4) post-Islamism and the ascendency of Sufism, and (5) the rise to power of moderate Islamism in the wake of the “Arab Spring.”

Keywords: Islam, politics, Maghreb region, Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia, national identity, Sufism, Islamism

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