- Series Information
- The Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice
- List of Contributors
- Oxford Handbook of Crime and Criminal Justice
- Crime and Criminal Justice
- Crime Trends
- Evidence-based Crime Policy
- Crime Prevention
- Treatment and Rehabilitation
- General Deterrence
- Reparation and Restoration
- Reassurance, Reinforcement, and Legitimacy
- Drugs and Crime
- Race, Ethnicity, and Crime
- Sex, Gender, and Crime
- Immigrants and Crime
- Guns and Crime
- Work and Crime
- Police Organization
- Police and Crime Control
- Community and Problem-Oriented Policing
- Legitimacy and Lawful Policing
- Juvenile justice
- Mandatory Penalties
- Capital Punishment
- Jails and Pretrial Release
- Probation and Community Penalties
- Drug and Other Specialty Courts
- Women’s Prisons
- Parole and Prisoner Re-entry
Abstract and Keywords
This article explores the role of rehabilitation as a core purpose of American corrections. Section I argues that rehabilitation has been a fundamental sensibility of the correctional enterprise from its beginning stages. Despite the seeming hegemony of the punishment model for more than three decades, this abiding belief that the correctional system should not only punish but also “correct” remains strong. Section II traces the seeming collapse of the rehabilitation model in the 1970s. Section III presents what has become the dominant rehabilitation model, which is typically captured under the label of the principles of effective correctional intervention. Section IV concludes with a discussion of the future of rehabilitation as a core purpose of American corrections.
Francis T. Cullen, PhD, is Distinguished Research Professor Emeritus of Criminal Justice and Senior Research Associate at the University of Cincinnati.
Paula Smith is Assistant Professor of Criminal Justice at the University of Cincinnati.
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