- Oxford Library Of Psychology
- Oxford Library of Psychology
- About the Editor
- Introduction: Solidifying and Advancing Group Counseling
- The Nature and Significance of Groups
- Definition of Group Counseling
- The History of Group Counseling
- Ethics, Best Practices, andLaw in Group Counseling
- Diversity in Groups
- A Social Justice Approach to Group Counseling
- Therapeutic Factors in Group-Counseling: Asking New Questions
- Cohesion in Counseling and Psychotherapy Groups
- Group Climate: Construct in Search of Clarity
- Group Development
- Evidence Bases for Group Practice
- General Research Models
- Assessing Groups
- Qualitative Research Approaches and Group Counseling
- Personhood of the Leader
- Group Techniques
- Group Leader Style and Functions
- Group Leadership Teaching and Training: Methods and Issues
- Supervision of Group Counseling
- Creativity and Spontaneity in Groups
- Groups across Settings
- Group Counseling across the Life Span: A Psychosocial Perspective
- Group Counseling with Sexual Minorities
- Prevention Groups
- International Group Counseling
- Brief Group Treatment
- Mutual Help Groups: What Are They and What Makes Them Work?
- Online Groups
- Groups for Trauma/Disaster
- Group Counseling: 50 Basic Premises and the Need for Mainstreaming
Abstract and Keywords
An understanding of group counseling requires an understanding of groups themselves, their basic nature and processes. Given that human beings are a social species and spend their lives in groups rather than alone, an individual-level analysis of adjustment, well-being, and treatment, with its focus on internal, psychological processes, should be supplemented by a group-level analysis. The defining features of a group are relationships linking a substantial number of members, boundaries, interdependence, structure, cohesion, and entitativity (perceived groupness); and groups with more of these features are more influential than other forms of association, such as social networks. The chapter reviews a number of group-level processes that influence members’ adjustment, including loneliness, ostracism, social support, socialization, social identity, and performance, before recommending a synthesis of the individual- and group-level perspectives in a multilevel analysis of human development, adjustment, and potential.
Donelson R. Forsyth, The Jepson School of Leadership Studies, University of Richmond.
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