Show Summary Details

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD HANDBOOKS ONLINE (www.oxfordhandbooks.com). © Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Handbooks Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 21 November 2019

Abstract and Keywords

Animals experience substantial and generally predictable, annual changes in environmental conditions. The changing seasons each present different challenges for animals to address. Mechanisms have evolved in many small mammals to confine breeding to the relatively mild conditions of spring and early summer. In addition to adjustments in reproductive function, other physiological systems including many aspects of immune function and stress responses also vary across the year. The goals of this chapter are to review the current state of our knowledge regarding how psychoneuroimmunological processes vary across the year in small mammals. In the second half of the chapter, we will address what is known about seasonal fluctuations in immune function in humans and the consequences of these rhythms for psychiatric, inflammatory, and infectious diseases.

Keywords: seasonality, photoperiodism, immune responses, melatonin, neuroendocrinology

Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can''t find the answer there, please contact us.