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date: 22 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

One would suspect that higher levels of inequality within a country tend to be associated with an increased likelihood of conflict. However, this article argues that there does not appear to be a clear correlation between measures of inequality and conflict. More promising appears to be a relationship between conflict and measures of polarization. This article reviews some basic theory and empirics that show the relationship between measures of polarization and conflict. It also presents a novel comparison of the effects on the level of fractionalization and polarization of using alternative datasets to calculate these indices.

Keywords: conflict, inequality, polarization measures, economic theory

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