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date: 21 October 2020

Abstract and Keywords

This article focuses on internal conflict and the role of collective action in the interactions between the leaders of a group and the other members of the group. It argues that collective action by a group's members is critical to support commitments by its leaders and therefore the group's cohesiveness, which is important for defending its leadership position or for establishing a more offensive stance to expel the current ruling group. But leaders also need to limit collective action to protect themselves against expulsion by their own group members. How the leaders balance the costs and benefits of allowing collective action by the group's members has important implications for the influence of income shocks in cultivating conflict.

Keywords: internal conflict, collective action, group cohesiveness, income shocks

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