- Consulting Editors
- The Oxford Handbook of The Economics of Peace and Conflict
- Economic Perspectives on Peaceand Conflict
- Informational Aspects of Conflict
- Commitment Problems and Shifting Poweras a Cause of Conflict
- Bargaining and Conflict with Incomplete Information
- The Hobbesian Trap
- Religion, Conflict, and Cooperation
- Comparing Polarization Measures
- Inequality, Polarization, and Conflict
- On the Causes of Civil War
- Reflections on Africa’s Wars
- Methods For Measuring Aggregate Costs Of Conflict
- How Many Bucks in a Bang: On the Estimation of the Economic Costs of Conflict
- Estimating the Costs of War: Methodological Issues, with Applications to Iraq and Afghanistan
- Estimating the Human Costs of War: The Sample Survey Approach
- Mental Health In The Aftermath Of Conflict
- Measuring the Economic Costs of Terrorism
- Assessing the Effects of Military Expenditures on Growth
- The Economic Welfare Cost of Conflict: An Empirical Assessment
- Technologies of Conflict
- Endogenous Formation of Alliances in Conflicts
- Conflicts with Multiple Battlefields
- Laboratory Experiments on Conflict
- War, Trade, and Natural Resources: A Historical Perspective
- Trade in the Shadow of Power
- Conflict and Policy in General Equilibrium: Insights from a Standard Trade Model
- The Use of Coercion in Society: Insecure Property Rights, Conflict, and Economic Backwardness
- War and Poverty
- Aggressive Elites and Vulnerable Entrepreneurs: Trust and Cooperation in the Shadow of Conflict
- Globalization and International Conflict: Can Foreign Direct Investment Increase Cooperation Among Nations?
- National Borders, Conflict and Peace
- Political Institutions and War Initiation: The Democratic Peace Hypothesis Revisited
- Why Follow the Leader? Collective Action, Credible Commitment, and Conflict
- Conflict-Inhibiting Norms
Abstract and Keywords
While paying attention to counterfactual scenarios, this article explores “bottom-up” methods that attempt to add up identified components of costs, and gives an overview of the existing literature in conflict cost analysis. It discusses several case studies and studies that look at cost sources not included in those case studies. The article also discusses the missing links in the literature and suggests future research to overcome the shortcomings we identify. The discussion takes a specific look at Sri Lanka, comparing the methodologies and results regarding a specific conflict. It addresses the particular influence of military expenditures on economic growth, the international and intertemporal spillovers of conflict that affect economic growth, and the way human capital is affected by violent conflict.
Tilman Brück is head of the Department of Development and Security at the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin), a professor of development economics at Humboldt University of Berlin, and coordinator of the Households in Conflict Network (HiCN).
Olaf J. De Groot is a senior researcher at the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin).
Carlos Bozzoli is a senior researcher at the German Institute for Economic Research (DIW Berlin).
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