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date: 25 May 2022

(p. xiii) Contributors

(p. xiii) Contributors

Marshall Abrams is assistant professor in the Department of Philosophy at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. He received his PhD from the University of Chicago and was an NSF-sponsored postdoctoral fellow at Duke University’s Center for Philosophy of Biology. His philosophical research focuses on the nature and role of probability and causation in evolutionary biology and the social sciences, and on interactions between biological evolution and social processes with emphasis on modeling of cognitive coherence relations in cultural change. He is also engaged in purely scientific research on the evolution of obesity and diabetes, and is an associate editor at the journal Frontiers in Evolutionary and Population Genetics.

Anna Alexandrova is a philosopher of social science at Cambridge University. She has taught at University of Missouri, St. Louis, and received her PhD from the University of California, San Diego. She has written on the use of formal models for explanation and policy making in economics and history, and on the measurement of happiness in psychology. Her current work examines well-being as an object of science and a social indicator.

David Byrne is professor of sociology and social policy in the School of Applied Social Sciences, Durham University. He has worked at the interface between the academy and the application of social science throughout his career, including a period as research director of a community development project. Publications include Beyond the Inner City (Open University Press, 1989), Complexity Theory and the Social Sciences (Routledge, 1998), Social Exclusion (Open University Press, 2009), Understanding the Urban (Palgrave-Macmillan, 2001), Interpreting Quantitative Data (Sage, 2002), and Applying Social Science (Policy Press, 2011).

Nancy Cartwright is professor of philosophy at the Department of Philosophy, Logic and Scientific Method at the London School of Economics and Political Science and at the University of California, San Diego. She was president of the Philosophy of Science Association in 2010 and president of the American Philosophical Association (Pacific Division) in 2008. Her research interests include philosophy and history of science (especially physics and economics), causal inference, and objectivity and evidence, especially on evidence-based policy. Her publications include How the Laws of Physics Lie (Oxford University Press, 1983), Nature’s Capacities and Their Measurement (Oxford University Press, 1989), Otto Neurath: Philosophy between Science and Politics (Cambridge University Press, 1995, with Jordi Cat, Lola Fleck, and Thomas E. Uebe), The Dappled World: A Study of the (p. xiv) Boundaries of Science (Cambridge University Press, 1999), and Hunting Causes and Using Them (Cambridge University Press, 2007).

Fred Chernoff is Harvey Picker Professor of International Relations and chair of the Department of Political Science at Colgate University. He holds a PhD in philosophy from Johns Hopkins University and a PhD in political science from Yale University. He has held research posts at the International Institute for Strategic Studies, the Rand Corporation, and the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs. He is author of After Bipolarity (University of Michigan Press, 1995), The Power of International Theory (Routledge, 2005) and Theory and Metatheory in International Relations (Palgrave-Macmillan, 2007) and has contributed to many journals of international relations and philosophy, including International Studies Quarterly, Journal of Conflict Resolution, Millennium, International Theory, European Journal of International Relations, Philosophical Quarterly, Mind, and Analysis.

Andrew Gelman is a professor of statistics and political science and director of the Applied Statistics Center at Columbia University. His books include Bayesian Data Analysis (Chapman and Hall, 2003, with John Carlin, Hal Stern, and Don Rubin), Teaching Statistics: A Bag of Tricks (Oxford University Press, 2002, with Deb Nolan,), Data Analysis Using Regression and Multilevel/Hierarchical Models (Cambridge University Press, 2006, with Jennifer Hill), and, most recently, Red State, Blue State, Rich State, Poor State: Why Americans Vote the Way They Do (Princeton University Press, 2009, with David Park, Boris Shor, Joe Bafumi, and Jeronimo Cortina). Andrew has done research on a wide range of topics, including why it is rational to vote, why campaign polls are so variable when elections are so predictable, why redistricting is good for democracy, reversals of death sentences, police stops in New York City, the statistical challenges of estimating small effects, the probability that your vote will be decisive, seats and votes in Congress, and social network structure.

Gary Goertz is professor of political science at the University of Arizona. He is the author or editor of nine books and over forty articles on issues of methodology, international institutions, and conflict studies, including Necessary Conditions: Theory, Methodology, and Applications (Rowman & Littlefield, 2003), Social Science Concepts: A User’s Guide (Princeton University Press, 2006), Explaining War and Peace: Case Studies and Necessary Condition Counterfactuals (Routledge, 2007), Politics, Gender, and Concepts: Theory and Methodology (Cambridge University Press, 2008), and A Tale of Two Cultures: Contrasting Qualitative and Quantitative Paradigms (Princeton University Press, 2012).

Francesco Guala is associate professor of economics and philosophy at the University of Milan, Italy. His research focuses on methodological and ontological problems arising from the social sciences. He is the author of The Methodology of Experimental Economics (Cambridge University Press, 2005) and coeditor, with Daniel Steel, of The Philosophy of Social Science Reader (Routledge, 2011).

David Henderson is the Robert R. Chambers Professor of Philosophy at the University of Nebraska, Lincoln. He has written on interpretation and explanation in (p. xv) the social sciences, with special concern for the place for finding rationality in those matters. He also writes in epistemology, where he is interested in the epistemological implications of recent work in cognitive science.

Daniel M. Hausman is the Herbert A. Simon and Hilldale Professor of Philosophy at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. His research has centered on epistemological, metaphysical, and ethical issues lying at the boundaries between economics and philosophy. His books include The Inexact and Separate Science of Economics (Cambridge University Press, 1992) and Economic Analysis, Moral Philosophy, and Public Policy (Cambridge University Press, 2006, with Michael McPherson). His most recent book, Preferences, Value, and Choice, and Welfare, is due out shortly from Cambridge University Press.

Allan Horwitz is Board of Governors Professor of Sociology at Rutgers University. His most recent books are The Loss of Sadness: How Psychiatry Transformed Normal Sorrow into Depressive Disorder (Oxford University Press, 2007, with Jerome Wakefield), Diagnosis, Therapy, and Evidence: Conundrums in Modern American Medicine (Rutgers University Press, 2010, with Gerald Grob), and All We Have to Fear: Anxiety and the Boundaries of Normality (Oxford University Press, 2012, with Jerome Wakefield).

Daniel Kelly is an assistant professor in the philosophy department at Purdue University. His research interests are at the intersection of the philosophy of mind, cognitive science, and moral theory. He is the author of Yuck! The Nature and Moral Significance of Disgust (The MIT Press, 2011), and has published papers on moral judgment, social norms, racial cognition, and cross-cultural diversity.

Harold Kincaid is professor in the School of Economics at the University of Cape Town, South Africa. He is the author of Philosophical Foundations of the Social Sciences (Cambridge University Press, 1996) and Individualism and the Unity of Science (Rowman & Littlefield, 2007), and coeditor of What Is Addiction? (The MIT Press, 2009), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Economics (Oxford University Press, 2009), and three other volumes. He has published widely in the philosophy of the social sciences and philosophy of economics. His current research interests include causal modeling and empirical studies of addiction and time and risk attitudes in the developing world.

Ken Kollman is Frederick G. L. Huetwell Professor and Professor of Political Science at the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor. His research and teaching focus on political parties, elections, lobbying, federal systems, formal modeling, and complexity theory. In addition to numerous articles, he has written The Formation of National Party Systems: Federalism and Party Competition in Canada, Great Britain, India, and the United States (Princeton University Press, 2004, with Pradeep Chhibber), Outside Lobbying: Public Opinion and Interest Group Strategies (Princeton University Press, 1998), and The American Political System (Norton, 2011).

Tim Lewens is reader in philosophy of the sciences at the University of Cambridge, where he is also a fellow of Clare College. His previous publications include Darwin (p. xvi) (Routledge, 2007) and Organisms and Artifacts: Design in Nature and Elsewhere (The MIT Press, 2004).

Ron Mallon is an associate professor of philosophy and director of the Philosophy-Neuroscience-Psychology Program at Washington University in St. Louis. His research is in social philosophy, philosophy of cognitive psychology, and moral psychology. He has authored or coauthored papers in Cognition, Ethics, Journal of Political Philosophy, Midwest Studies in Philosophy, Mind and Language, Noûs, Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, Philosophy of Science, Social Neuroscience, Social Philosophy, and Social Theory and Practice.

Amy G. Mazur is professor of political science at Washington State University. She is coeditor of Political Research Quarterly. Her recent publications include Politics, Gender and Concepts (edited with Gary Goertz, Cambridge University Press, 2008) and The Politics of State Feminism: Innovation in Comparative Research (Temple University Press, 2010, with Dorothy McBride).

Stephen Morgan is professor of sociology and the director of the Center for the Study of Inequality at Cornell University. He has a PhD in sociology from Harvard University and an MPhil in comparative social research from Oxford University. He has published two books: On the Edge of Commitment: Educational Attainment and Race in the United States (Stanford University Press, 2005) and, coauthored with Christopher Winship, Counterfactuals and Causal Inference: Methods and Principles for Social Research (Cambridge University Press, 2007).

Robert Northcott is currently a lecturer in philosophy at Birkbeck College in London. Before that, he was assistant professor at the University of Missouri-St. Louis. He has published widely on, among other things, causation, causal explanation, and degree of causation, including on how these notions are conceptualized and used in social science.

Julian Reiss is associate professor in the philosophy faculty of Erasmus University Rotterdam, and specializes in philosophy of economics and general philosophy of science. Specific research interests are causal inference, measurement, models and thought experiments, and the place of values in science. Publications include Error in Economics: Towards a More Evidence-Based Methodology (Routledge, 2008), Causality Between Metaphysics and Methodology and Philosophy of Economics (both forthcoming with Routledge), and thirty-five papers in journals such as Philosophy of Science, Synthese, Philosophy of the Social Sciences, and Theoria.

Mark Risjord is a professor of philosophy at Emory University. He received his PhD in philosophy from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill in 1990. His research interests include the epistemological foundations of the social sciences, the role of values in scientific research, and the philosophy of the health sciences.

Don Ross is professor of economics and dean of commerce at the University of Cape Town, and a research fellow in the Center for Economic Analysis of Risk at Georgia State University. His main areas of research include the experimental economics of (p. xvii) nonstandard consumption patterns, the philosophical foundations of economics and game theory, naturalistic philosophy of science, and trade and industry policy in Africa. He is the author of numerous articles and books, including Economic Theory and Cognitive Science: Microexplanation (The MIT Press, 2005) and Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized (Oxford University Press, 2007, with James Ladyman). He is coeditor (with Harold Kincaid) of The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Economics (Oxford University Press, 2009).

Cosma Rohilla Shalizi is an assistant professor of statistics at Carnegie Mellon University and an external professor at the Santa Fe Institute. He received his PhD in theoretical physics from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 2001. His research focuses on time series prediction, network analysis, and inference in complex systems.

Aviezer Tucker is the author of Our Knowledge of the Past: A Philosophy of Historiography (Cambridge University Press, 2004) and the editor of The Blackwell Companion to the Philosophy of History and Historiography (Wiley-Blackwell, 2009). His research concentrates on the philosophy of the historical sciences, epistemology, and political philosophy. He lives in Austin, Texas. Previously he lived in New York, Prague, Canberra, and a few other places.

Emma Uprichard is a senior lecturer in the Department of Sociology, Goldsmiths, University of London. She is particularly interested in the methodological challenge of applying complexity theory to the study of change and continuity in the social world. She has substantive research interests in methods and methodology, critical realism, cities, time and temporality, children and childhood, and food.

David Waldner is associate professor of politics at the University of Virginia, where he teaches courses on the political economy of developing nations and methodology. He is the author of State Building and Late Development (Cornell University Press, 1999) and is currently writing two books, Democracy & Dictatorship in the Post-Colonial World and Causation, Explanation, and the Study of Politics.

Christopher Winship is the Diker-Tishman Professor of Sociology at Harvard University and a member of the Harvard Kennedy School of Government’s senior faculty. Prior to coming to Harvard in 1992, he was a professor in sociology, statistics, and (by courtesy) economics. At Harvard he is a member of the criminal justice program, inequality program, and the Hauser Center for the Study of Nonprofits. His research interests include models of selection bias, causality, youth violence, pragmatism, and the implications of the cognitive revolution for sociology. With Stephen Morgan, he is author of Counterfactuals and Causal Inference (Cambridge, 2007).

James Woodward is distinguished professor in the Department of History and Philosophy of Science at the University of Pittsburgh. He was formerly the J. O. and Juliette Koepfli Professor of the Humanities at the California Institute of Technology. His book Making Things Happen: A Theory of Causal Explanation (Oxford (p. xviii) University Press, 2003) won the Lakatos award in 2005. He is president of the Philosophy of Science Association in 2010–12.

Petri Ylikoski is currently an academy research fellow at the University of Helsinki, Finland. His research interests include theory of explanation, science studies, philosophy of the social sciences, and philosophy of biology. He is especially interested in the interfaces between the social and the biological sciences and in the idea of mechanism-based understanding in the social sciences.